3.7M NIH Grant To Study Autonomic Nervous System Link To Painful Bladder Syndrome, Received By Case Western Reserve University
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine has received a $3.7 million grant from the National Institutes of Health to determine if painful bladder syndrome may be caused by abnormalities in the autonomic nervous system rather than in the bladder itself. Principal investigator of the project is Thomas Chelimsky, M.D., professor of neurology at the Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, and director of autonomic disorders at University Hospitals Case Medical Center and the University Hospitals Neurological Institute. Sites participating in the five-year study are University Hospitals (Drs. Chelimsky and Jeffrey Janata), The Ohio State University (Dr.
Grants To Expand Work On Improving Women's Health And Understanding Gender Differences - Yale School of Medicine
Five Yale School of Medicine investigators have received of new Pilot Project Program grants from Women's Health Research at Yale. They will study a variety of women's health areas and gender differences that affect disease and behavior. The research is expected to advance scientific knowledge to improve women's health in a number of areas, including depression in young women; osteoporosis and fragility fractures in older women; ovarian function in women who survive cancer treatments; breast cancer, which is among the leading causes of cancer deaths in women; and smoking cessation, which can be particularly difficult for women compared to men.
Researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston say one organism discovered during their study may unlock the key to what causes colic, inconsolable crying in an otherwise healthy baby. "Right now, pediatric gastroenterologists can treat just about anything that comes through the door, " said J. Marc Rhoads, M.D., professor of pediatrics at The University of Texas Medical School at Houston, which is part of the UT Health Science Center at Houston. "With colic, there is no evidence-based treatment we can offer. Colic can be a dangerous situation for a baby. The parent's frustration over the crying can lead to maternal frustration, post-partum depression and even thoughts of harming the baby.
Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have identified women who are likely to gain weight while using depot medroxyprogesterone acetate, more commonly known as Depo-Provera or the birth control shot. These findings dispel the myth that all women who use DMPA will gain weight and will help physicians to counsel patients appropriately. DMPA users whose weight increased by 5 percent within the first six months of use, called "early gainers, " are at risk of continued, excessive weight gain. While 75 percent of users gained little or no weight, the early gainers averaged weight gain of 24 pounds over three years. "DMPA-related weight gain is linked to increased abdominal fat, a known component of metabolic syndrome, which raises the risk of obesity-related conditions such as cardiovascular disease, stroke and diabetes, " said corresponding author Dr.
In a speech before the Ghanaian Parliament, President Obama on Saturday reiterated U.S. support for public health programs that will reduce maternal mortality and the spread of HIV/AIDS in Africa, the New York Times reports. The speech, which was televised across the continent, focused on international relations with Africa and empowering African nations to address problems (Baker, New York Times, 7/12). In a portion of the speech about strengthening public health, Obama said that there has been "enormous progress ... in parts of Africa" in recent years. He continued, "Far more people are living productively with HIV/AIDS, and getting the drugs they need.
Pregnant women who quit smoking during the first trimester and women who never smoked during pregnancy have a similar risk of delivering preterm or very small infants, according to a study published in the journal Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reuters reports. Premature delivery and stunted infant growth are the most well-documented side effects of smoking during pregnancy, and the risks increase for older women, according to study author Laura Polakowski of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and colleagues. For the study, the researchers analyzed 915, 441 birth certificates for infants born in 2005 in 11 states that include information on whether the woman smoked during pregnancy.