Premature Ovarian Failure (POF) affects 1% of young women under the age of 40. It occurs when a woman has a loss of eggs, a dysfunction of the eggs or has had them damaged because of cancer treatment. It results in premature menopause and for many of these women, they will suffer uncomfortable and sometimes distressing symptoms such as hot flushes, mood swings, sleeping problems, tiredness and vaginal dryness. There is a need to distinguish women who have had surgical treatment from other sufferers of premature menopause, such as those who have had a spontaneous POF with low estrogen levels. In the latter, up to 50% may have some return of ovarian function, though full recovery is highly unlikely.
In his presentation at the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) 8th International Scientific Meeting in Abu Dhabi on Tuesday, Dr Tony Falconer, RCOG Senior Vice President - International Office, will discuss global challenges in women's health. His talk will outline problems such as maternal mortality, morbidity and cervical cancer, highlighting the urgent need for increased political commitment to improve women's health care. It is estimated that over 500, 000 women die every year of pregnancy-related causes. The extremes of women's health are exacerbated by poverty, poor infrastructure and conflict. The chances of dying due to pregnancy are very low in Western Europe, but very high in areas of Asia and Africa.
Roll Call: "The concept of an excise tax on tanning services, which could include salon walk-ins or tanning beds and sunlamps sold for residential use, was floated in a weekend Senate staff meeting on the health bill. Officials described the idea as preliminary and not being seriously considered at this time. But as senators continue to draft amendments to add spending or scale back other pay-fors, all bets could be off. It would also be in keeping with Senate Democrats' desire to keep any new revenue sources within the healthcare system. Indoor tanning has come under increasing fire of late for harmful health effects." Roll Call adds that "the Indoor Tanning Association, the trade group representing what it says is a $5 billion industry, could not be reached for comment Monday night" (Cohn, 12/8).
Between 2002 and 2003, American women experienced a 7 percent decline in breast cancer incidence, which scientists attribute to the publicity surrounding results of the Women's Health Initiative (WHI). However, researchers led by Brian Sprague, Ph.D. have conducted a reevaluation of the post-WHI landscape that suggests otherwise. "We found that the change in hormone therapy use only accounted for a decline of about 3 percent, so there's another 4 percent that is being caused by something we do not yet know, " said Sprague, a postdoctoral fellow at the University of Wisconsin. Results of this study were presented at the American Association for Cancer Research Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research Conference, held Dec.
Mammography Use And False Positives Among Women Younger Than 40 Years Old Differ Between Minority Populations
Breast cancer screening guidelines generally recommend mammography begin at age 40. However, based on prior national research, an estimated 34 percent of non-Hispanic black women, 30 percent of non-Hispanic white women and 22 percent of Hispanic women aged 30 to 39 have reported having a mammogram. "Our goals are to better understand who these women are that are getting mammograms at such a young age and their outcomes, " said Julie M. Kapp, Ph.D., M.P.H., assistant professor at the University of Missouri-Columbia and lead author of the study, who presented the data at the American Association for Cancer Research Frontiers in Cancer Prevention Research Conference, Dec.
The results of a trial in the UK, Pakistan, and Uganda are published in an article Online First and in an upcoming edition of The Lancet. It reports that umbilical oxytocin has no effect on the need for manual removal for women with retained placenta. Until now, meta-analysis had suggested that umbilical injection of oxytocin could increase placental expulsion without the need for a surgeon or anaesthetic. However the general need for manual removal is greater in the UK and other high-income settings than in low-income countries such as Pakistan and Uganda. The study is the work of Dr Andrew D Weeks, University of Liverpool and Liverpool Women's Hospital, UK, and team.