Med-Vet-Net, arguably the EU's foremost Network of Excellence, has drawn the final curtain on five years of EC funding with the launch of a new report entitled, Building a European Community to Combat Zoonoses. The report details Med-Vet-Net's long list of scientific achievements across the spectrum of its thematic disciplines from epidemiology and surveillance to risk research and disease control. The Network, which concludes this month having ushered in a new era of scientific collaboration and preparedness across Europe, uniquely brought together more than 300 multi-disciplinary scientists from 10 countries to undertake research on the zoonoses and food-borne diseases that threaten public health.
Veterinary scientists have made a discovery that promises to deliver a new approach to fast development of cheap vaccines that are effective in all mammals - not just humans or another particular species. They propose that by harnessing the system that reads the biological 'barcodes' of infectious microbes such as food poisoning bacteria, flu viruses and protozoa that cause malaria, one vaccine could be made to prevent a particular disease in all mammals. The research is discussed in the new Autumn edition of Business, the quarterly magazine of the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC). The scientists, led by Professor David Haig, University of Nottingham, Dr Tracey Coffey and Dr Jayne Hope, Institute for Animal Health, Compton, Professor Dirk Werling, Royal Veterinary College London and Dr Elizabeth Glass and Dr Oliver Jann, The Roslin Institute, have used a 'one medicine' approach, which recognises that many diseases and immune system response are common across different species and removes the largely artificial distinction between humans and other animals.
Like humans, dogs can also get painful pet arthritis throughout their bodies. But unlike people, who can simply talk about what hurts, how can you spot when your furry little friend has arthritis? Flexcin, the maker of FlexPet dog arthritis treatment, offers these four tell-tail signs so you can bring relief to your pet. 1) No Longer Running & Jumping: Dogs are active animals, even as they age. Running and jumping around are two simple activities enjoyed by happy and healthy dogs. If your dog stops running and jumping, this is the first major sign your pet may have dog joint pain. 2) Difficult Walking Up Stairs: Many homes are built to have multiple levels.
The North American Pet Health Insurance Association (NAPHIA) reports that health insurance is going to the dogs, and that cats are only receiving about half of the care provided to their canine relatives. There are more than 82 million pet cats and over 72 million pet dogs in the United States and Canada. Pet owners in households with at least one dog and one cat were more attached to their dogs than their cats by a 3-to-1 margin (57 percent to 19 percent, respectively), according to a special report by the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association (JAVMA). This could account for the statistic included in the JAVMA report that 33 percent of these pet owners believe it's more important to take a dog versus a cat to the doctor for a wellness exam.
Following PETA's call for U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Center for Veterinary Biologics (CVB) to adopt non-animal methods to test the potency of each batch of a vaccine, the CVB has informed PETA that three of the tests involving pigs have been replaced with modern non-animal methods. The USDA has amended its Web site to reflect the changes. Specifically, PETA asked the CVB to follow the lead of Europe in adopting an in vitro test for the vaccine for erysipelas - an infectious bacterial disease that strikes pigs. Prior to this change, erysipelas vaccine tests had required that pigs be deliberately infected with the disease. Erysipelas causes fever, arthritis, skin lesions, and death.
A new US study found that socially isolated female rats developed more breast cancer tumors, including a higher number of malignant tumors, leading the researchers to suspect that the stress of isolation from a group triggered fear and anxiety which in turn increased susceptibility to and the deadliness of breast cancer. The results suggest there is a likelihood of a similar link in humans because like rats, we are a gregarious, social species. The study is to be published in this week's issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, and is the work of researchers at Yale University and the University of Chicago. First author, Dr Gretchen Hermes, formerly a researcher at the University of Chicago, and now a resident in the Neurosciences Research Training Program in the Yale Department of Psychiatry, told the media that: "There is a growing interest in relationships between the environment, emotion and disease.