Researchers in Italy and Switzerland suggest there is a link between primary lung cancer in dogs and dust matter accumulating in the lungs from exposure to air pollution. The study was the work of Dr Giuliano Bettini, an associate professor at the Department of Veterinary Public Health and Animal Pathology in the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at the University of Bologna in Italy, and colleagues, and is currently in press, however an online corrected proof version was made available on 30 December. Together with co-authors from the University of Bologna, the Animal Oncology and Imaging Center in HÃ nenberg, Switzerland and the Clinic for Small Animal Internal Medicine at the University of ZÃ rich, also in Switzerland, Bettini set out to investigate links between the accumulation of black dust matter in lungs (anthracosis) and primary lung cancer in dogs.
Scientists from the Institute for Animal Health, Pirbright, UK Met Office and the Jersey State Veterinary Service and Jersey Meteorological Department, are working together on an early-warning system to help defend cattle against the spread of 'bluetongue' disease, reveals a study published today in Weather. The team are fusing meteorological data with ecological information to anticipate when disease carrying midges are likely to be carried on the wind from the continent to the UK and Channel Islands. "The bluetongue virus, BTV, represents a major and unprecedented epidemic which has spread across Western Europe since 2006, " said lead author Dr Christopher J.
Testing hair from Asian monkeys living close to people may provide early warnings of toxic threats to humans and wildlife, according to a study published online this week in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. In parts of South and Southeast Asia, macaques and people are synanthropic, which means they share the same ecological niche. They drink from identical water sources, breathe the same air, share food sources, and play on the same ground. "Macaques are similar to humans anatomically, physiologically and behaviorally, " said the senior author on the study, Dr. Lisa Jones-Engel, a senior research scientist at the National Primate Research Center at the University of Washington in Seattle.
Arizona marked a historic milestone with the number of rabid animals in 2009. One case in particular, of a rabid bobcat walking into a bar, sounded more like the beginning of a joke, but highlighted the importance of rabies awareness. So far 261 animals tested positive for rabies, 85 more than 2008. During the record breaking year, two counties established quarantines, another first for the state. "There is no sign of rabies letting up in many parts of the state, " said Craig Levy, Vector-Borne Disease Program Manager. "As we head into 2010, we need to be prepared for more rabid animals and the exposures to people and pets that they bring.
An international team of scientists has found that cells that protect nerves are likely to be the origins of a fatal cancer known as Devil Facial Tumour Disease (DFTD) that is spreading rapidly through populations of Tasmanian devils in Australia: if unchecked, scientists estimate the cancer, which is spread through biting, could wipe out the wild devil population within the next 30 years or so. The findings are the subject of a collaborative study led by Australian scientists that was published in the international journal Science on 1 January. Devil Facial Tumour Disease (DFTD) is a transmissible cancer that affects only the Tasmanian devil, a carnivorous marsupial about the size of a small dog that is found in Australia and Tasmania.
Also In Global Health News: Drug Trafficking In Kenya; Violence In S. Sudan; Uganda Bill; Sleeping Sickness
Drug Trafficking, Use Spreading HIV/AIDS In Kenya Drug trafficking and use are fueling the spread of HIV/AIDS in Kenya, according to a recent report by the U.N. Security Council, the Nation reports. "A statement from the council's Presidency currently â states that Afghan heroin was being imported, causing a dramatic increase in heroin addiction and spreading HIV/AIDS in the slums of Nairobi and Mombasa, Kenya's two main cities, " the newspaper writes. The article examines efforts underway to stop drug trafficking and includes comments by U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (12/14). Violence In S. Sudan Exacerbates Health Problems In Region, MSF Report Finds "At least 2, 000 people have died and 250, 000 have fled their homes following violence in southern Sudan this year, worsening a humanitarian crisis in a region seeking its independence, officials from" Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF) said Monday during the release of their report (.