With the national trend toward quitting smoking flat, psychologists are finding some success with treatments aimed at helping smokers from underserved groups, including racial and ethnic minorities and those with psychiatric disorders. In a special section of this month's issue of the Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, published by the American Psychological Association, researchers report on several effective treatments that may help these smokers in an effort to increase national smoking cessation rates. The percentage of American smokers rose from 19.8 percent in 2007 to 20.6 percent in 2008, after a 10-year steady decline in smoking rates, according to the latest figures from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Not everyone who suffers a heart attack clutches their chest and falls to the floor. "I woke up and felt like a pill was stuck in my throat, " says Betsy, a 68-year-old patient from Upper Providence. "I was taking antibiotics at the time and really didn't think much of it, " she adds. "So I tried drinking water and when the "stuck" feeling didn't go away after 45 minutes, I thought something might be wrong." "My son took me to the Emergency Room and yes, now I realize I should have called 9-1-1 immediately." After the ER staff ran an EKG (a test that measures the electrical activity of the heart), they told Betsy she was having a heart attack.
A team of Northern Arizona University-led researchers is using nearly $1.3 million in new funding from the National Institutes of Health to continue with the world's longest-running study on obesity and Type 2 diabetes. Obesity and diabetes have been described as the major public health concerns of the 21st century, explains Leslie Schulz, executive dean of NAU's College of Health and Human Services and the study's principal investigator. "This study is taking those necessary steps toward finding a way to protect people against the development of these pervasive diseases, " she says. Schulz is being joined by researchers from the National Institutes of Health, the Pennington Biomedical Research Center and Mexico's Center for the Investigation of Nutrition and Development.
Patients with orthopedic and autoimmune conditions expect Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS)--because of its leadership role--to deliver the highest quality care. To further accomplish this mission, HSS is announcing the creation of a Quality Research Center with an innovative structure for applying research methodologies to health-care quality issues. Physicians, nurses and biostatisticians throughout the institution will now, through this new initiative, work together on conducting research in areas that impact on quality of patient care and patient safety. The research generated from the Center will enable HSS to improve best practices to benefit its patients and also allow HSS to provide evidence-based data that can be published and disseminated to other institutions.
Key points: - The clinical consultation rate for influenza - not necessarily swine flu - in Wales during the week ending 7 February increased to 5.8 cases of flu-like illness diagnosed by GPs out of every 100, 000 people in Wales. It was 3.5 per 100, 000 in the previous week. Current levels of flu in Wales are below the usual level for this time of year. - According to the latest data available from the Public Health Wales daily GP surveillance scheme, as at 9 February, the influenza consultation rate in Wales as a whole was 9.4 cases of flu-like illness diagnosed by GPs in the previous seven days out of every 100, 000 people in Wales. This is the equivalent of 282 people contacting their GPs in the last seven days with flu-like symptoms.
Most people in England aren't living as long as the best off and spend longer in ill-health, according to a report out last friday. Fair Society, Healthy Lives proposes a new way to reduce health inequalities in England post 2010. Health inequalities are normally associated with the poorest in society, but the Review draws attention to the premature illness and death that affects everyone below the top. The Review argues that traditionally government policies to reduce health inequalities have focused resources only on some segments of society. But to improve health for all of us, the Review says, action is needed to build on the past ten years work on health inequalities to continue to improve everyone's health and reduce differences that are both unfair and unjust.