Vancomycin resistant enterococci (VRE) have been found in sewage sludge, a by-product of waste-water treatment frequently used as a fertilizer. Researchers writing in the open access journal Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica point out the danger of antibiotic resistance genes passing into the human food chain. Leena Sahlstr√ m, from the Finnish Food safety Authority, worked with a team of researchers from the Swedish National Veterinary Institute to study sewage sludge from a waste-water treatment plant in Uppsala, Sweden. She said, "Antimicrobial resistance is a serious threat in veterinary medicine and human healthcare. Resistance genes can spread from animals, through the food-chain, and back to humans.
Surprisingly few pharmacies in the U.S. are able to translate prescription medication instructions into Spanish, making it difficult for patients who speak only Spanish to understand how to take their medications properly, according to a new study from the Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine. The first multi-state study investigating the ability of pharmacies to translate prescription labels found more than half of the pharmacies were unable to translate any labels or could do only a limited number of translations. The study looked at pharmacies in states with a large existing Latino population (Texas and Colorado) and in states with a rapid growth in Latino population (Georgia and North Carolina).
The New Zealand Medical Association (NZMA) welcomed today's Budget which reaffirms the Government's commitment to solving our long term health workforce problems. "This is a positive budget for health. The Minister has been well informed, and in these difficult financial times should be complemented for securing such a commitment to initiatives that will improve the viability and quality of our health system. While much of this is funding needed to keep pace with rising costs, there is some real new money, " said NZMA Chairman Dr Peter Foley. "The NZMA is pleased with confirmed funding for new medical training places, extra places for general practitioner training, the previously announced voluntary bonding scheme, and the sourcing and training of 800 additional health professionals over the next four years, " said Dr Peter Foley.
The following summarizes selected women's health-related blog entries. ~" Considering Common Ground and Our New Supreme Court Nominee, " Cristina Page, Birth Control Watch: Page writes that the fact that appeals court Judge Sonia Sotomayor, Obama's nominee to replace retiring Supreme Court Justice David Souter, has served on the board of Childbirth Connection is of great interest, since Sotomayor's own views on women's health could mirror those of the organization. Page explains that the organization "takes no policy position on abortion, but it is very much a proponent of women's rights during childbirth." According to Page, Sotomayor's work with Childbirth Connection "stands out" on her resume as "the only entry that does not have a purely legal focus.
The popular belief that healthy eating starts at home and that parents' dietary choices help children establish their nutritional beliefs and behaviors may need rethinking, according to a study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. An examination of dietary intakes and patterns among U.S. families found that the resemblance between children's and their parents' eating habits is weak. The results are published in the May 25, 2009, issue of Social Science and Medicine. "Child-parent dietary resemblance in the U.S. is relatively weak, and varies by nutrients and food groups and by the types of parent-child dyads and social demographic characteristics such as age, gender and family income, " said Youfa Wang, MD, PhD, senior author of the study and associate professor with the Bloomberg School's Center for Human Nutrition.
The International Serious Adverse Events Consortium (SAEC) has announced initial results from its research designed to discover genetic markers that may predict individuals at risk for serious drug induced liver injury (DILI). The SAEC is a nonprofit research corporation, launched in the fall of 2007, comprised of and funded by 10 leading pharmaceutical companies and the Wellcome Trust. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) also contributes to the scientific and strategic direction of this novel research effort. The collection and initial characterization of the DILI cases supporting these results was performed by the UK-based DILIGEN network, led by Professor Ann Daly and colleagues at Newcastle University, but also involving researchers at the University of Liverpool and at Queen's Medical Centre, Nottingham.