A study published in the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention found that Hispanics who moved to the U.S. and were living in Florida were 40% more likely to develop certain cancers than those who remained in their native countries, the New York Times reports (Mabayoje, New York Times, 8/7). The study was conducted at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine and examined 302, 000 cancer cases in Florida, about 30, 000 of which were in Hispanics primarily born in other countries. The study found that Cubans, Puerto Ricans and Mexicans who moved to Florida were twice, 39% and 65% more likely, respectively, to develop cancer compared with those who stayed in their native countries.
The Senate on Friday approved Francis Collins, President Obama's nominee for NIH head, by voice vote before the chamber left for August recess, CQ Today reports. Until last year, Collins directed NIH's National Human Genome Research Institute, which helped to map the entire human genome. He also served in the administrations of Presidents Clinton and George W. Bush (Armstrong, CQ Today, 8/7). According to the AP/Boston Globe, he might be better known for his 2007 best-selling book, "The Language of God: A Scientist Presents Evidence for Belief" ( AP/Boston Globe, 8/7). NIH directs about $28 billion annually on health research and employs about 18, 000 people ( CQ Today, 8/7).
A new report finds that a focus on quality reduces the number of deaths in U.S. hospitals, specifically saving 47, 000 lives a year and preventing 92, 000 complications. Reuters reports: "The analysis from Thomson Reuters looked at 252 U.S. health systems and found the best-performing 20 percent had 25 percent fewer deaths, 19 percent fewer complications, and 13 percent fewer patient mishaps than the 20 percent worst performers, even though their patients were sicker. The study, released in Modern Healthcare, shows that higher-quality healthcare is possible if hospital systems make it their primary focus, instead of profits, for example, said Jean Chenoweth, Thomson Reuters senior vice president for performance improvement, who led the research.
Poor communication of the outcomes of medical tests whose results are pending at the time of a patient's hospital discharge is common and can lead to serious medical errors in post-hospitalization medical treatment. A new study by researchers from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University School of Medicine has found that hospital discharge summaries are grossly inadequate at documenting both tests with pending results and information about which doctors should receive the post-discharge test results. The findings appear in the September 2009 issue of the Journal of General Internal Medicine. During a hospital stay tests are ordered by emergency department physicians, generalists, specialists, hospitalists and other medical staff.
Patients Share Personal Challenges, Frustrations With Current Health Care System Due To Pre-Existing Conditions, Out Of Pocket Costs, US
Volunteer advocates from the National Patient Advocate Foundation who live in New York's 2nd District attended a community gathering arranged by Congressman Steve Israel to discuss challenges and solutions to America's health care system, among other issues. But most important, the patients were there to encourage Representative Israel in his continued efforts to pass historic health care reform this year. The patients who participated came with stories representing a myriad of frustrations all too common with today's system, including denied insurance claims, pre-existing condition challenges, high out-of-pocket expenses, and caps on care.
U.S. prisons are too punitive and often fail to rehabilitate, but targeting prisoners' behavior, reducing prison populations and offering job skills could reduce prisoner aggression and prevent recidivism, a researcher told the American Psychological Association on Saturday. "The current design of prison systems don't work, " said criminal justice expert Joel Dvoskin, PhD, of the University of Arizona. "Overly punitive approaches used on violent, angry criminals only provide a breeding ground for more anger and more violence." Presenting at the American Psychological Association's 117th Annual Convention, Dvoskin discussed his upcoming book, "Applying Social Science to Reduce Violent Offending, " which examines why prisons are failing and what needs to change.