In Short And Long Term, Psychosocial Therapy With Antidepressants More Effective In Helping Depressed Stroke Patients
Psychosocial therapy combined with medication can effectively improve depression and recovery in stroke patients, according to a new study reported in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association. In the first long-term study of psychosocial/behavioral therapy in combination with antidepressants, researchers found that adding psychosocial therapy improved depression scores short term and those improvements were sustained long term. At one year: Depression scores dropped 47 percent in patients treated with eight weeks of psychosocial/behavioral therapy and antidepressants. Scores dropped 32 percent among those having usual care, which included taking antidepressants.
Dozens of Indiana University researchers are participating in the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association. Below are examples of some of the studies. Out in the Country Gay depictions in the media have "exploded" in the last 10 years but rural gay, lesbian, bisexual and transsexual youth still find it difficult to find people like them on TV or in the movies. Instead, many turn to the Internet to help them come to terms with their sexual identity and rural lifestyle. Rather than using the Internet to mentally escape their surroundings, where peers are scarce, youth in an ethnographic study by Indiana University researcher Mary Gray used it to find people like them, either nearby or simply dealing with similar issues.
As more people live well into their 80s and 90s, it's reassuring to know that most people get happier as they age and exert more emotional control than younger adults, according to researchers who spoke at the 117th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association. "Life expectancy changed because people changed the way they lived, " said Lauren Carstensen, PhD. "Now that we're here, we have to keep adapting. We are in the middle of a second revolution and it's up to us to make adulthood itself longer and healthier." Carstensen, a psychology professor at Stanford University and founding director of the Stanford Center on Longevity, said the percentage of people on the planet who are over 65 is expected to more than double by the year 2050, and the fastest-growing segment of the population is people over age 85.
Teaching children how to be more resilient along with regular classroom instruction can improve children's outlook on life, curb depression and boost grades, according to a researcher who spoke at the American Psychological Association's convention Saturday. "In the last 50 years, the U.S. population has seen an increase in their standard of living, such as having more money, owning more homes and cars and living longer. But our sense of meaning, purpose and satisfaction with life have not gone up, they have gone down, " said psychologist Martin Seligman, PhD, of the University of Pennsylvania. "This has been especially detrimental to children.
In response to a recent surge in studies that integrate medicine and music, SAGE, the world's leading independent academic and professional publisher, is pleased to launch Music and Medicine in July, a new interdisciplinary journal that will incorporate the research that combines the two disciplines. This new official Journal of the International Association for Music and Medicine is peer reviewed and edited by Joanne Loewy, DA, LCAT, MT-BC, Director of the distinguished Louis Armstrong Center for Music & Medicine, Beth Israel Medical Center, New York, and David Aldridge, PhD, FRSM, Director of the notable Nordoff-Robbins Zentrum, Witten, for applied music in health care practice and research, Germany.
An article published Online first and in an upcoming edition of The Lancet Neurology reports that although low doses of radiotherapy are considered as safe; they may contribute to progressive cognitive decline in patients with low-grade glioma brain tumours. The most common type of brain cancer is Low-grade glioma (LGG) brain tumour. Early or delayed radiotherapy is the most frequent treatment. But still, there are many questions about the best treatment approach. Over time radiotherapy can cause damage to the brain. Since the average survival time for patients with LGG is ten years, these patients are at significant risk of developing late or delayed radiation injuries.