Belief in faith healing could jeopardise recovery from illness. This is the finding of a study presented today, 10th September 2009, at the British Psychological Society's Division of Health Psychology annual conference being held at Aston University, Birmingham. Professor Tony Cassidy from the University of Ulster said: "For medical treatment to be most effective patients should follow medical or prescribed health advice. However it's possible that people who put their trust in faith healing may be less likely to adhere to medical advice." The team at the University of Ulster questioned 766 people on their belief in and intention to use faith healing, and also asked them about their adherence to medical regimens - measured by questions such as 'I always take my medicine or tablets' or 'I sometimes decide not to take my medicine or tablets'.
The extent to which a child feels they belong at home, school and in the community may impact on their physical health as well as their psychological well-being. This is the finding of a paper presented at the British Psychological Society's Division of Health Psychology annual conference at Aston University, today, 10th September 2009. The study was carried out by Fiona Begen and Dr Julie Turner-Cobb from the University of Bath. They asked 159 children aged 11 to 14 to complete questionnaires about their physical health, their feelings and emotions, and to report how connected they felt to their home, school, and community. Initial findings suggest that children who reported feeling a greater sense of belonging at home and in their community reported significantly better physical health.
Every 16 minutes, an American commits suicide. It's the 11th leading cause of death in this country, a fact being widely noted during National Suicide Prevention Week Sept. 6 -12. And now researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) are looking deep inside the brain for ways to determine the reasons people commit suicide - and identify those most likely to attempt it. Monsheel Sodhi, Ph.D., an assistant professor in the UAB Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurobiology, says it is generally perceived that suicide tends to run in families. Genes, which are the blueprint for a cell's formation, use proteins to carry out their instructions.
Psychologists are set to reveal the results of a study into obese people's behavioural responses to a prescription weight loss drug at the British Psychological Society's Division of Health Psychology annual conference today, 11th September 2009. Amelia Hollywood and Jane Ogden from the University of Surrey investigated the behaviour of 572 individuals who had been prescribed the weight loss drug, orlistat (also known as Xenical). One of the most commonly prescribed obesity medications, orlistat acts on the gastrointestinal system by reducing the amount of fat absorbed into the body. This fat is instead eliminated in bowel movements - so if foods high in fat are eaten there are unpleasant consequences including liquid stool and anal leakage.
The research, published in the September issue of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, found that at 18 heavy-drinking U.S. campuses, students' alcohol habits showed little change over a dozen years. In 1993, 58 percent of students reported binge drinking in the past two weeks; in 2005, 56 percent said the same. And although 28 percent of students in 1993 said they frequently binged, that figure was 32 percent in 2005. The study did not look at what, if any, measures the colleges had taken to combat student drinking. But whatever they might have done has apparently not been enough, according to lead researcher Toben F. Nelson, Sc.
The need for emotional support for people losing their sight is great but the question of how best to provide it is under researched, underfunded, and remains seriously neglected, says a new study published today. The study (1), commissioned by sight loss charity Thomas Pocklington Trust (2) and carried out by researchers at the University of Reading, describes the emotional trauma of being diagnosed with sight loss as potentially devastating. Yet, while there is clear evidence of a need for emotional support, there is very little information on how best to provide it. Today, the charity calls for research to evaluate the effectiveness of current services, including counselling and rehabilitation, as well as other available kinds of support.