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Could Acetaminophen Ease Psychological Pain?

Headaches and heartaches. Broken bones and broken spirits. Hurting bodies and hurt feelings. We often use the same words to describe physical and mental pain. Over-the-counter pain relieving drugs have long been used to alleviate physical pain, while a host of other medications have been employed in the treatment of depression and anxiety. But is it possible that a common painkiller could serve double duty, easing not just the physical pains of sore joints and headaches, but also the pain of social rejection? A research team led by psychologist C. Nathan DeWall of the University of Kentucky College of Arts and Sciences Department of Psychology has uncovered evidence indicating that acetaminophen (the active ingredient in Tylenol) may blunt social pain.

Is Only Christmas Which Makes Children Happier? Psychological Well Being Can Be Improved With School Interventions

A new study which has been conducted at the University of Bologna shows that brief psychological interventions in school may increase well-being among adolescents and these results persist after 6 months During the holiday season there is emphasis on happiness and well-being, particularly in children. But while happiness is a fleeting mood, psychological well-being underlies it. A new study which has been conducted at the University of Bologna and is published in the current issue of the Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry shows that brief psychological interventions in school may increase well-being and these results persist after 6 months.

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Intra-Cellular Therapies Announces The Results Of A Phase I PET Study For ITI-007 For The Treatment Of Schizophrenia And Other Psychiatric Disorders

Intra-Cellular Therapies, Inc. (ITI) announced at a recent conference on neuropsychiatric diseases the results from a recently completed Phase I clinical study demonstrating ITI-007, the Company's lead antipsychotic drug, interacts with important targets in the living human brain. These key targets are critical to drug action in many neuropsychiatric and related disorders. Using positron emission tomography (PET) to image receptor interactions, ITI-007 produced dose-related and long-lasting occupancy of three key targets of psychotropic drug action: the serotonin 5-HT2A and dopamine D2 receptors, as well as the serotonin reuptake transporter (SERT).

A Spoonful Of Sugar - TAU Finds Formula For Selling But-It's-Good-For-You Products

Your kids won't wear their seatbelts, take their vitamins or brush their teeth? A new study by Tel Aviv University offers a simple formula that will get better compliance in the kid department - and has implications for health specialists and consumer marketers all over the world. According to the new study "Happy Today: Healthy Tomorrow?" by Dr. Danit Ein-Gar of the Marketing Department at TAU's Recanati Graduate School of Business, providing consumers with a very small or even trivial immediate benefit encourages people to use products that may have more significant long-term advantages. Her research may offer the key to getting kids to wear their seatbelts and encourage adults to use sunscreen.

In The Obesity Epidemic The Role Of Addiction Cannot Be Ignored

The causes of obesity are complex and individual, but it is clear that chronic overeating plays a fundamental role. But when this behaviour becomes compulsive and out of control, it is often classified as "food addiction" - a label that has generated considerable controversy, according to a McMaster University psychiatrist and obesity researcher. In a commentary appearing in the Dec. 21, 2009, issue of the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ), Dr. Valerie Taylor, an assistant professor of psychiatry and behavioural neurosciences at McMaster and director of the Bariatric Surgery Psychiatry Program at St. Joseph's Healthcare Hamilton, and her co-authors argue that food addiction in some individuals may be a reality and needs to be considered in the management of weight problems.

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Moral Dilemma Scenarios Prone To Biases

Picture the following hypothetical scenario: A trolley is headed toward five helpless victims. The trolley can be redirected so that only one person's life is at stake. Psychologists and philosophers have been using moral dilemmas like this for years asking, would you redirect the train? Is it morally acceptable to do this? Experts usually switch up the details to see how different sub-scenarios affect moral judgment. Many researchers have come to the conclusion that an individual's moral judgment in this type of scenario is strongly guided by abstract moral principles. However, researchers of a study to appear in an upcoming issue of Cognitive Science see a problem with this approach, "Small changes in wording can affect judgments in ways that have nothing to do with differences in moral principles.

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