People with Parkinson's Disease are more likely to display abnormal social behaviour and make poor decisions in ambiguous circumstances if they are pathological gamblers, according to research in the January issue of the European Journal of Neurology. A number of studies have already associated pathological gambling with Parkinson's, suggesting that it is a frequent impulse control disorder associated mainly with dopamine replacement therapy. Researchers from the Raul Carrea Institute for Neurological Research (FLENI) in Buenos Aires, Argentina, interviewed the immediate relatives of seven Parkinson's patients who were pathological gamblers.
Psychological intervention helps incapacity benefit claimants get back to work. Findings of a South Yorkshire study will be presented today, 15th January 2010 at the British Psychological Society Division of Occupational Psychology Annual Conference in Brighton. Steve Kellet from the University of Sheffield and Darren Bickerstaffe and colleagues from the South Yorkshire Condition Management Programme evaluated the success of a programme that aimed to help incapacity benefit claimants better manage their health condition and return to work. The 2, 064 incapacity benefit claimants, who were categorised with a variety of conditions which included mental health (63 percent), and musculoskeletal (22 percent), attended seven sessions of the Condition Management Programme.
The University of Plymouth is to provide Â 500, 000 funding for the Peninsula Dental School to pursue three important areas of research in partnership with the University. The first area of research will cover statistical epidemiology in oral health, including the review of published evidence and the creation of new approaches to understanding the complexity of dental research data. The second will look at the use of virtual reality and psychological approaches to tackle dental anxiety. The research will examine the extent to which virtual reality could be used to ease anxiety both before and during treatment. The third area of research will consider nanotechnology, toxicology and dentistry.
Have you ever accidentally pulled your headphone socket out while listening to music? What happens when the music stops? Psychologists believe that our brains continuously predict what is going to happen next in a piece of music. So, when the music stops, your brain may still have expectations about what should happen next. A new paper published in NeuroImage predicts that these expectations should be different for people with different musical experience and sheds light on the brain mechanisms involved. Research by Marcus Pearce Geraint Wiggins, Joydeep Bhattacharya and their colleagues at Goldsmiths, University of London has shown that expectations are likely to be based on learning through experience with music.
Stress is one of the most frequently used 'buzz words' across Western societies with an array of meanings ranging from scientifically defined experimental conditions for laboratory animals to a casual word for a nuisance. In humans, stress is mostly used as a term for psychological hardship and it causes a variety of conditions with, psychological, medical and sociological implications. There have been many studies on the behaviour and physiological effects of stress, but now, for the first time, Professors Hermona Soreq, Alon Friedman and Daniela Kaufer provide in their new title 'Stress - From Molecules to Behavior' a comprehensive overview of the molecular basis of stress from a neurolobiological and immunological perspective.
Training in counselling skills could help members of the clergy better cope with the emotional demands of their work. This is the finding of a study presented today, 15th January 2010 at the British Psychological Society Division of Occupational Psychology Annual Conference in Brighton. Professor Gail Kinman, together with Obrene McFall and Joanna Rodriguez from the University of Bedfordshire examined the levels of 'emotional labour', psychological health and job satisfaction of 188 members of the clergy in the UK. Of this sample, 96 per cent were male and the average age was 56. Professor Kinman said: "Members of the clergy may experience considerable strain because of the emotional nature of their job - their day-to-day role requires them to deal with many emotionally taxing situations, as well as to observe human suffering and support distressed parishioners.