Spending hours taking a high-pressure aptitude test may make people feel mentally fatigued, but that fatigue doesn't necessarily lead to lower test scores, according to new research published by the American Psychological Association. If anything, performance might actually improve on a longer test, the study found. "The experience of fatigue during testing does not appear to be, in and of itself, detrimental to test performance, " said co-authors Phillip Ackerman, PhD, and Ruth Kanfer, PhD. The study, in the June Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, stemmed from concerns that when taking longer tests over several hours in one sitting, students would feel increasingly fatigued, and, in turn, perform worse.
It is commonly known that alcoholism and alcohol intoxications are connected with severe violent crimes such as homicides. For instance, in Finland even 80 per cent of these crimes happen in alcohol intoxications. It has not, however, been clear why only a minority of alcoholics in intoxications become irritated and impulsively aggressive or even commit severe violent crimes. A Finnish study now finds that low glycogen level - which means non-oxidative glucose metabolism - predicts forthcoming violent offending among antisocial violent offender males in a prospective 8-year follow-up study. "Usually, the new violent crimes happened already during 1-2 years after the release from prisons and with the new starting problems of alcoholism", says Professor Matti Virkkunen, the corresponding author for the study.
People who feel pressure to look attractive are more fearful of being rejected because of their appearance than are their peers, according to a new study by researchers at the University at Buffalo and the University of Kent. The study of appearance-based rejection sensitivity among college students was conducted by Lora Park, Ph.D., assistant professor of psychology and graduate student Ann Marie DiRaddo, of the University at Buffalo, and Rachel Calogero, Ph.D., a lecturer in psychology at the University of Kent. It was published in the spring edition of Psychology of Women Quarterly (Vo. 33, Issue 1), a publication of the American Psychological Association.
There is a frenzied push by mental health providers--almost all of whom have financial ties to psychotropic drug manufacturers--to persuade government to adopt a policy of screening teenagers and women for depression. The women being targeted at this juncture are vulnerable: they are either pregnant or have just given birth to a child. In both cases, both mother and infant are at risk of being harmed by pharmacological interventions. The problem with mental screening starts with the fact that the method for mental screening is an unreliable suggestive questionnaire which is noted for its high rate (84%) for misidentifying normal teens as having mental disorders.
The winners of the American Psychiatric Association's (APA) prestigious "Young Minds in Psychiatry" awards were announced today at the APA's 162nd Annual Meeting in San Francisco, CA. For the first time, researchers from Nigeria and India have been selected to receive awards, recognizing the exceptional challenges faced by researchers in developing countries. Dr. Abiodun Adewuya from Lagos State University College of Medicine, Nigeria was selected for his proposal to research the relationship between language dysfunction and cognitive functions and quality of life in patients with first episode schizophrenia. Previous research has mainly focused on those with a long-standing history of schizophrenia.
Patients With Bipolar Disorder Have Higher Specialty Care Costs Than Patients With Diabetes And Other Chronic Diseases
Mayo Clinic researchers have found that bipolar disorder (BPD) is a more costly chronic condition than diabetes, depression, asthma and coronary artery disease (CAD), based on a review of health care claim costs. Specialty care costs (the costs of seeing any specialist and all tests ordered) were especially higher for bipolar patients. Results of this review were presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Psychiatric Association in San Francisco. "Psychiatric care costs represented only a portion of the specialty care costs for these chronic conditions, explains Mark Williams, M.D., a Mayo Clinic psychiatrist and lead researcher. This suggests that many of the specialty costs for bipolar patients are not directly related to seeing a mental health provider.