In a discovery that could lead to new treatment approaches for depression, researchers from the University of New South Wales (UNSW) have shown that internet-based therapy programs are as effective as face-to-face therapies in combating the illness. Patients in a clinician-assisted internet-based treatment program experienced rates of recovery similar to those achieved by face-to-face therapy, the research found. Moreover, the program - dubbed the Sadness program - required an average of only 111 minutes of clinician email contact per person over an eight-week period, significantly less than other comparable clinician-based therapies. A paper outlining the study appears this week in the Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry.
A majority of people experiencing chronic insomnia can experience a normalization of sleep parameters through the use of cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I), according to a research abstract presented at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies. Results indicate that 50 percent to 60 percent of participants with chronic sleep onset insomnia, sleep maintenance insomnia or both experienced remission of their primary sleep difficulty. Among the 64 participants who completed five or more treatment sessions, there were significant improvements on presenting complaints, as well as all other measures, including sleep efficiency, average nightly awakenings, total sleep time and average nights of sleep medication use per week.
The physical and mental health needs of juvenile offenders should be treated as a priority if offenders held in detention have any real hope of rehabilitation, according to new research from the University of Adelaide, Australia. Adelaide researchers have conducted a comprehensive review of previous studies into the health of young offenders undertaken in the USA, UK, Europe and Australia since 1997. The results of the review have been published in this month's 'Australian Journal of Primary Health'. "Health - both mental and physical health - is an issue that has a serious impact on young offenders, " says lead study author Dr Anne Wilson, Senior Lecturer in the Discipline of Nursing.
Being a father is an important factor in a man's decision to seek help for mental health issues, according to a survey released by the American Psychiatric Association. More than 6 million men suffer from depression each year, and though many try to deal with it on their own, the survey indicates that fathers are more likely to take their mental health seriously for the sake of their children. Over 90 percent of men surveyed said their role as a father or legal guardian would have an impact on their decision to seek help if they were feeling depressed. "It is encouraging to see that fathers are open to getting help and that some of the stigma surrounding men and depression is waning, " stated Jeffrey Borenstein, M.
Study Finds Association Between Sudden Death And Stimulant Medications Among Children And Adolescents
Researchers found support for an association between the use of stimulants and sudden unexplained death among children and adolescents, according to a study released today by The American Journal of Psychiatry. The rate of stimulant use among 564 children and adolescents whose sudden deaths were attributed to cardiac dysrhythmia or unknown causes was 1.8 percent, compared to 0.4 percent for youth who died as passengers in motor vehicle accidents. Although stimulant use had a greater association with sudden unexplained death, the overall incidence of sudden explained death was still rare. For some time, concerns have arisen that stimulants may increase the risk for sudden unexplained death in children.
Suffering a stroke can have a profound effect on relationships and lead to significant changes in how couples relate to each other on a physical, psychological, social and emotional level, according a study in the June issue of the Journal of Clinical Nursing. Researchers from Northern Ireland have come up with four key recommendations for clinical practice after speaking to 16 married stroke survivors, nine males and seven females, aged between 33 and 78. They found that sexual relationships were significantly affected after a stroke, gender roles became blurred and feelings like anger and frustration were confounded by a lack of independence and ongoing fatigue.