Laughter - The Best Medicine? Spain Hosts The Most Renowned International Symposium On Sense Of Humor And Its Applications
Spain hosts this week, for the first time in history, this event, the most renowned international symposium on humour and laughter, where scientists and experts from four continents will discuss the latest advances and research of this field of study. The ninth occasion of the 'International Summer School and Symposium on Humour and Laughter: Theory, Research and Applications' is being hosted by the University of Granada, and they will analyse the relationship between sense of humour and different fields such as anthropology, sociology, medicine or philosophy. According to the Professor of the University of Granada Hugo Carretero de Dios, local coordinator of the event, the interest for both research and applications of humour has increased in the last decade.
Stammering and stuttering have the same meaning - it is a speech disorder in which the person repeats or prolongs words, syllables or phrases. The person with a stutter (or stammer) may also stop during speech and make no sound for certain syllables. People who stutter often find that stress and fatigue make it harder for them to talk flowingly, as well as situations in which they become self-conscious about speaking, such as public speaking or teaching. Most people who stutter find that their problem eases if they are relaxed. According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary, to stammer is "To hesitate in speech, halt, repeat, and mispronounce, by reason of embarrassment, agitation, unfamiliarity with the topic, or as yet unidentified physiologic causes.
Many young smokers want to quit but don't know what methods work. The University of Illinois at Chicago is leading a $2.9 million National Cancer Institute project to increase demand for evidence-based, Internet-based smoking cessation treatment among young adults. "Even though many young adults think about quitting and actually want to stop smoking, they tend not to use what we know works - evidence-based approaches to quitting, " said psychology professor Robin Mermelstein, director of UIC's Institute for Health Research and Policy and principal investigator of the five-year study. Young adults between the ages of 18 and 24 have the highest rates of smoking compared to any other age group, but they have among the lowest rates of quitting, according to Mermelstein.
A special monograph of the British Journal of Educational Psychology, published this month, highlights the very latest psychological research into the teaching and learning of writing. Contributions in this edition of the monograph series include: - Steve Graham and Karen Harris from Vanderbilt University (USA) who reviewed teaching interventions and present 13 clear but evidence based recommendations for teaching writing; recommendations recently endorsed by the National Writing Project in the USA. - Debra Myhill from the University of Exeter, who examined the translation of thought to text, and found that poor writing often contains more oral speech characteristics;
Mental health services could be improved by planting trained consumers pretending to be patients, or "mystery patients, " to identify problems, according to a commentary in the July 2009 issue of Psychiatric Services, a journal of the American Psychiatric Association. The concept is similar to the long-standing practice of using "mystery shoppers" in retail stores for market research. Pseudo-patients have also been used for some time in general medicine to improve services. Arthur Lazarus, M.D., M.B.A., author of the recommendations, is the senior director of clinical research for AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals, past-president of the American Association of Psychiatric Administrators, and an authority on healthcare practice and administration.
Activities That Get Children 2 Months To 48 Months Talking Are Most Conducive To Language Acquisition
Adult-child conversations have a more significant impact on language development than exposing children to language through one-on-one reading alone, according to a new study in the July issue of Pediatrics, the journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. "Pediatricians and others have encouraged parents to provide language input through reading, storytelling and simple narration of daily events, " explains study's lead author, Dr. Frederick J. Zimmerman, associate professor in the Department of Health Services in the UCLA School of Public Health. "Although sound advice, this form of input may not place enough emphasis on children's role in language-based exchanges and the importance of getting children to speak as much as possible.