Ever Shorter Hospital Stays After Orthopaedic Operations Present A Major Challenge To Rehabilitation - Pre-operative Training Can Improve Results
"Rehabilitation medicine is facing a major challenge today, " says Dr. Karsten Dreinh√ fer (Head of Department for Orthopaedics and Orthopaedic Surgery, Medical Park Berlin Humboldtm√ hle, Germany) speaking at the EFORT Congress in Vienna. "Not only in Germany but in many other European countries too, the trend is towards the shortest possible stay in an acute hospital after orthopaedic or trauma-related surgery. This means patient care is shifting increasingly to the rehabilitation sector, which must then be appropriately equipped and trained." But demographic developments are also presenting a significant challenge to orthopaedic rehabilitation: with modern surgical procedures, surgery such as joint replacement operations can be carried out on more and more patients, including the elderly and the very elderly, who then require special care and mobilization assistance, says Dr.
A person whose hand function has been affected by a stroke can release an object more quickly when the affected arm is supported on a platform, but the support does not make it easier to grip the object, according to a new study. The study also found that active muscle-stretching exercises improved how quickly the stroke survivor could grip an object, but made release of the object more difficult. These findings show how a stroke affects hand function, and provide a roadmap for rehabilitation. Stroke is a leading cause of long-term disability among American adults. People who have suffered strokes often experience hand impairment, including significant delays in how long it takes to grip and release objects.
Stroke Patients Who Have Swallowing Problems Less Likely To Develop Chest Infections Thanks To New Technology
Recovering stroke patients and others who find it hard to swallow when they eat and drink are now at a lower risk of developing pneumonia or chest infections, thanks to new technology which will help assess and treat their swallowing difficulties. Many patients suffering from stroke, head injury or major trauma often have swallowing difficulties when food and drink can go down the wrong way - patients can later develop nasty chest infections and pneumonias. Having received joint funding totalling ¬ 80, 000 from Barts and The London Charity and The Philip King Charitable Trust, a top of the range portable Digital Swallowing Workstation has been purchased for the Speech and Language Therapy Department at The Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel, east London.
A former physical therapy patient from Prince George's County, Maryland, grateful for the physical therapy he received years after contracting polio, but always wishing he had received it sooner, has made, through his estate, a significant financial gift to the Foundation for Physical Therapy. The estimated $500, 000 gift from the estate of Lansdale and Gladys Clagett of Upper Marlboro, Maryland will be announced by the Foundation for Physical Therapy at its annual dinner dance on Thursday, June 11 at the Hilton Baltimore. The event will be held during the American Physical Therapy Association's Annual Conference in Baltimore, June 10-13.
It's a sign of the times, as more and more people use cell or mobile phones and other high tech equipment they are more likely to end up with what the lay press calls cell phone elbow and what the doctors call cubital tunnel syndrome. What Is Cubital Tunnel Syndrome? Cubital tunnel syndrome is the second most common nerve compression syndrome in the upper extremities after carpal tunnel syndrome, say Dr Peter J Evans, Director of the Hand and Upper Extremity Center at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio, USA, and colleagues in a question and answer article on the subject in a recent issue of the Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine. The article also covers diagnosis and treatment.
MIT Robotic Therapy Holds Promise For Cerebral Palsy--Devices Can Help Children Learn To Grasp And Manipulate Objects
Over the past few years, MIT engineers have successfully tested robotic devices to help stroke patients learn to control their arms and legs. Now, they're building on that work to help children with cerebral palsy. "Robotic therapy can potentially help reduce impairment and facilitate neuro-development of youngsters with cerebral palsy, " says Hermano Igo Krebs, principal research scientist in mechanical engineering and one of the project's leaders. Krebs and others at MIT, including professor of mechanical engineering Neville Hogan, pioneered the use of robotic therapy in the late 1980s, and since then the field has taken off. "We started with stroke because it's the biggest elephant in the room, and then started to build it out to other areas, including cerebral palsy as well as multiple sclerosis, Parkinson's disease and spinal cord injury, " says Krebs.