Stroke survivors have about twice the risk of breaking a hip or femur compared to those without stroke - and the risk is even greater for younger patients, women and those with recent strokes, Dutch researchers report in Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association. "Our findings imply that it is important to conduct fracture risk assessment immediately after a patient is hospitalized for stroke, " said Frank de Vries, Ph.D., senior author of the study and assistant professor of pharmacoepidemiology at the Utrecht University in Utrecht, the Netherlands. de Vries and his associates studied 6, 763 patients (cases) who had a hip/femur fracture and matched them by age, gender and location with 26, 341 others (controls) in a large database of Dutch patient without fractures.
Physical therapy or physiotherapy (UK/Ireland/Australia) is a branch of rehabilitative medicine aimed at helping patients maintain, recover or improve their physical abilities. Physical therapists or physiotherapists (UK/Ireland/Australia) work with patients whose movements may be undermined by aging, disease, environmental factors, or sporting hazards. Physical therapy also means the treatment of any pain, disease, or injury by physical means. According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary, physical therapy is: 1. The treatment of pain, disease, or injury by physical means. 2. The profession concerned with promotion of health, with prevention of physical disabilities, with evaluation and rehabilitation of persons disabled by pain, disease, or injury, and with treatment by physical therapeutic measures as opposed to medical, surgical, or radiologic measures.
The Center for Restorative and Regenerative Medicine, a multidisciplinary research effort to restore arm and leg function to amputees, has secured a new five-year, $7-million round of funding from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). Roy Aaron, M.D., professor of orthopaedics at Brown's Alpert Medical School and a VA investigator, created the center in 2004 and serves as its director. He said the funding renewal is a crucial win for the researchers and their work. "The center's renewal represents a significant vote of confidence from the Department of Veterans Affairs and the Department of Defense that our mission is valid and productive, " Aaron said.
A gift from California-based Ozen Engineering Inc. to Clemson University is enabling researchers to create detailed computer models of the human body, which can be used to explore a variety of issues, from improving hip replacements to making more comfortable car seating. Ozen Engineering Inc. has donated a package of software, training and support to researchers in Clemson's mechanical engineering department. The AnyBody Modeling System allows researchers to create computer models of the human musculoskeletal system that measures internal body forces during daily activities, such as walking, running, standing and sitting. The donation also includes Any2Ans, a software developed by Ozen Engineering Inc.
Positive thoughts bring positive things to people and it's well documented these expectations have helped people recover from a number of health conditions. But until now, not much was known about the correlation between that belief and the recovery from injuries like whiplash. Two University of Alberta researchers and a colleague from Sweden have found some answers to that question in three different studies on expectations for recovery. Linda Carroll, in the School of Public Health, looked at a cohort of over 6, 000 adults with traffic-related whiplash injuries. She found that those that had positive outlooks towards their recovery actually recovered over three times faster than those who did not.
In a major step in spinal cord injury research, scientists at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have demonstrated that regenerating axons can be guided to their correct targets and re-form connections after spinal cord injury. Their findings were published in the advance online edition of the journal Nature Neuroscience on August 2. In the last few years, researchers have shown that the severed wires of the spinal cord, called axons, can be induced to regenerate into and beyond sites of experimental spinal cord injury. But a key question has been how these regenerating axons, on reaching the end of an injury site, can be guided to a correct cell target when faced with millions of potential targets.