If you have ever felt a dull ache or sharp pain in your upper arm or shoulder, have trouble reaching behind you or are unable to get comfortable at night because of shoulder pain, then you have probably damaged your rotator cuff. Rotator cuff injuries are one of the most common injuries. Over eight million Americans will visit their doctor with shoulder problems this year alone and the vast majority will be injuries such as tendonitis, bursitis and cuff tears. The rotator cuff is made up of four relatively small muscles that all run from the shoulder blade (scapula) to the head of the Upper arm bone (humerus). Their job is to pull the arm into the socket of the joint stabilizing the shoulder as we move.
An expert advisory panel to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has voted unanimously to recommend federal approval of a new drug to combat the hand disorder known as Dupuytren's contracture, a debilitating condition where collagen progressively accumulates in the hand causing fingers to deform and limiting hand movement. The FDA advisory panel voted 12 to 0 on Wednesday to approve Xiaflex, which is made by Auxilium Pharmaceuticals Inc. of Malvern, Pennsylvania, for the treatment of Depuytren's contracture. The FDA does not have to follow the recommendation of its advisory panels, but it rarely does not. If approved, Xiaflex, will be the only drug specifically targeting Dupuytren's disease, a progressive genetic fibroproliferative disorder which disrupts the normal production of collagen in the hand, resulting in abnormal amounts of collagen nodules in the palm.
Parolees with a gambling habit may resort to criminal activities and substance abuse when they are released from prison if there are few community supports to help them re-integrate, a University of Alberta study has concluded. Gambling is prevalent in prisons and the study found that even inmates not habituated to the pastime before incarceration can acquire a taste for it they're unable to shake when released. It's a fact that has worrisome consequences often associated with the commission of crime and substance abuse as parolees try to re-integrate into society. Research conducted by leisure researchers D.J. Williams and Gordon Walker, in the Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation, examined the perceptions of 15 correctional officers in the states of Nevada, a gambling state, and Utah, where gambling is illegal, on offender gambling and its impacts on offender re-entry.
Flat footedness is divided into acquired flat foot which is a condition which develops after we have attained maturity and congenital flat foot which is a common condition and often not of pathological significance. Adult flat foot has many potential causes which include dislocation and fractures, foot abnormalities, arthritic changes and neurological conditions. The commonest cause however of this foot problem is a dysfunction of one of the foot tendons, the posterior tibial muscle tendon. The methods by which the tibialis posterior tendon malfunctions are varied and ascribed to degeneration, inflammation or trauma. Studies of this condition have revealed that it is more common in groups who are obese, diabetic, hypertensive, on steroid medication or had previous trauma or operations to the mid part of the foot.
As the nation observes Falls Prevention Awareness Day on September 22, the American Physical Therapy Association (APTA) is urging older adults to schedule a balance and falls assessment with a physical therapist to reduce risk of falls and related injuries. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, more than one third of adults ages 65 and older fall each year in the United States. Falls are the leading cause of deaths due to injuries and the most common cause of nonfatal injuries and hospital admissions for trauma for the aging population. "Too many people erroneously consider falls a normal consequence of growing old, " says physical therapist and APTA spokesperson Judith Daniel, PT, MS, GCS.
Frozen shoulder is the mundane name for adhesive capsulitis. It's a medical problem that may create intense pain and a very restricted range of motion (ROM) in the shoulder joint (glenohumeral socket) area. This condition creates intense contraction of the encapsulation that surrounds and holds the deltoid girdle, thus its phrase adhesive CAPSULITIS. Even though a myriad of papers and 'professionals' will claim that the cause of this problem is unknown, that just isn't true. What is correct however, is that it owns a variety of causative agents. These include, but certainly are not limited to: Some kind of wound to the shoulder area such as a strain or sprain.