A symptom suffered by most people at some point in their lives and chronically so for the unfortunate people who have to live with it on a regular basis, shoulder stiffness can be caused by a number of shoulder problems. One of the most common reasons for this condition to afflict a person is frozen shoulder, also referred to as adhesive capsulitis, where the capsule around the shoulder joint gets inflamed. Although this condition is similar to bursitis, proper examination allows the medical specialist to differentiate between the two quite easily, because the person with a frozen shoulder will not be able to reach behind their back or raise the arm overhead, even with assistance.
Postoperative shoulder stiffness is almost inevitable if a person has gone in for replacement of the shoulder joint, or for surgery to repair instability of the rotator cuff. The stiffness and pain are a result of oedema, where the tissue surrounding the joint swells to the point where it acts like an adhesive that increases friction. Another common reason for shoulder stiffness after surgery is caused by inflammation or capsulitis as a result of scar formation and thickening inside the capsule that makes up the shoulder joint; the irritation of the lining can cause severe pain. Stiffness of the shoulder can also be the result of abnormal mechanics, especially if surgery has not managed to perfectly align the humeral head or shoulder ball inside the capsule.
When a skier falls and one of the knee (or both) twists while the foot remains planted on the ski, the skier will most likely suffer an ACL rupture. The ACL or anterior cruciate ligament is one of the four important ligaments holding the knee joint together. The ACL can tear when a skier lands on a bent knee then twisting it or landing on an overextended knee. A popping sound can be heard and the skier will have the sensation that the knee gave out. This sensation is caused by the knee joint becoming lax after the ACL quits its job of holding it together and assuring its stability. An ACL tear is a serious skiing ailment, and one of the most widespread among skiers.
A shoulder rehabilitation program is mandatory after arthroscopic surgery or to help the shoulder joint recover faster from injury or common disorders. While playing sports such as tennis, baseball or weight lifting, it is very easy to tear a rotator cuff muscle. Dislocation is also a common injury that requires physical therapy after a period of rest. Least but not last there are common disorders such as Impingement Syndrome, Frozen Shoulder, Tendonitis and Bursitis. The reasons why these may occur can vary from age, weight, physical activity, repetitive motions and so on, but they all benefit from a shoulder rehabilitation protocol based on specific rotator cuff movements.
A comprehensive torn rotator cuff treatment includes different options, depending on stage and severity. Rest and anti inflammatory drugs are the initial treatments for anyone who suffered a tear to soothe the pain and the inflammation. While this is necessary to alleviate the sufferer pain and allow the rotator cuff to recover sufficiently, they can not be taken as long term solutions. For a torn rotator cuff treatment to be successful it must include a rehabilitation program consisting of specific rotation exercises to help the shoulder joint recover faster and permanently. A tear can occur following repetitive motions or a fall. Baseball, golf or tennis players are particularly at risk, but not only.
The causes of muscle stiffness and cramps range from the minor to the serious, from those mostly under your control to those originating in outside elements. There are a host of diseases and illnesses which may cause temporary or repetetive muscle cramps and feelings of stiffness and pain. Everything from the common flu and fever, to more serious illnesses like fibromyalgia, Parkinson, Huntington disease, and other rare conditions. Certain insect bits and allergies may also have this kind of effect on an unsuspecting person so it may be worthwhile to examine the stiff area for bites and marks if the stiffness persists. However, most of the times, the causes of stiff muscles are those completely under your control and may be prevented or avoided.