Los Angeles resident Christina Simon, 39, was happily pregnant with her second child, but her joy was tempered during her third trimester. An ultrasound by her obstetrician-gynecologist found that, in addition to the baby, something else was growing in her uterus: fibroid tumors, non-cancerous growths of muscle and connective tissue in the uterus. Although Christina was concerned, the doctor assured her that she would keep an eye on the benign tumors' growth, and the pregnancy proceeded without incident. But within two years, Christina began experiencing troublesome symptoms such as menstrual periods that were uncommonly heavy, painful cramps and a frequent urge to urinate.
Women who hold supervisory positions are more likely to be sexually harassed at work, according to the first-ever, large-scale longitudinal study to examine workplace power, gender and sexual harassment. The study, which was presented at the 104th annual meeting of the American Sociological Association, reveals that nearly fifty percent of women supervisors, but only one-third of women who do not supervise others, reported sexual harassment in the workplace. In more conservative models with stringent statistical controls, women supervisors were 137 percent more likely to be sexually harassed than women who did not hold managerial roles.
Fewer black women with postgraduate degrees are getting married and having children, according to research to be presented at the 104th annual meeting of the American Sociological Association. "In the past nearly four decades, black women have made great gains in higher education rates, yet these gains appear to have come increasingly at the cost of marriage and family, " said Hannah Brueckner, professor of sociology at Yale University; co-director of Yale's Center for Research on Inequalities and the Life Course; and the study's co-author. "Both white and black highly educated women have increasingly delayed childbirth and remained childless, but the increase is stronger for black women.
The Senate on Thursday voted 68-31 to confirm Sonia Sotomayor as the next Supreme Court justice, CQ Politics reports. Nine Republicans and two independents voted in favor of confirmation, along with every Democrat in the Senate (Stern, CQ Politics, 8/6). She will be sworn in by Chief Justice John Roberts at a private ceremony at the Supreme Court on Saturday, a court spokesperson said (Savage, New York Times, 8/7). Sotomayor's first session will begin Oct. 5, and friends say that she has already begun preparing for her first cases (Goldstein/Kane, Washington Post, 8/7). President Obama applauded the confirmation as "breaking yet another barrier and moving us yet another step closer to a more perfect union.
Breakthrough Breast Cancer Scientists Reveal New Sensitive Method For Identifying Additional Women Who Could Benefit From Herceptin
Research by Breakthrough Breast Cancer scientists has revealed a new sensitive method that may help identify additional women who could benefit from the drug trastuzumab ( Herceptin ). Results published in the Journal of Pathology on Friday 6 August suggest that the way in which HER2 positive breast cancers are currently identified may miss a small number of patients that could benefit from targeted therapies against HER2. HER2 positive breast cancer makes up about one in five of the nearly 46, 000 cases of the disease diagnosed in the UK each year. Herceptin is a targeted therapy for this type of breast cancer. The research was led by Dr Jorge Reis-Filho at the Breakthrough Breast Cancer Research Centre at The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) in London.
A recent audit by the U.S. Agency for International Development's inspector general has "raised questions about several USAID expenditures" on a number of "faith-based" projects initiated during former President George W. Bush's administration, a Los Angeles Times editorial says. Among other issues, the report highlighted "the use of instructional materials, including biblical references, " in an HIV/AIDS prevention program that promoted sexual abstinence in Africa, the editorial continues. It adds that USAID said that it "stopped allowing 'religiously infused' curricula after the Justice Department expressed legal qualms." According to the Times, the issue raises several questions, including whether the U.