Nicotine in third-hand smoke, the residue from tobacco smoke that clings to virtually all surfaces long after a cigarette has been extinguished, reacts with the common indoor air pollutant nitrous acid to produce dangerous carcinogens. This new potential health hazard was revealed in a multi-institutional study led by researchers with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab). "The burning of tobacco releases nicotine in the form of a vapor that adsorbs strongly onto indoor surfaces, such as walls, floors, carpeting, drapes and furniture. Nicotine can persist on those materials for days, weeks and even months. Our study shows that when this residual nicotine reacts with ambient nitrous acid it forms carcinogenic tobacco-specific nitrosamines or TSNAs, " says Hugo Destaillats, a chemist with the Indoor Environment Department of Berkeley Lab's Environmental Energy Technologies Division. "TSNAs are among the most broadly acting and potent carcinogens present in unburned tobacco and tobacco smoke.
NCKU Team Revealed New Mechanism Of Why Tobaccos Cause Cancer, Published In The Journal Of Clinical Investigation
In the history of humans fighting against cancer, the relationship between tobaccos and cancer has been an important subject for the academic and clinical research. By understanding the mechanism of why cancer is caused by tobaccos, scientists around the world all anticipate to solve the mystery of cancer and find the way of prevention and cure. With the financial support from the National Research Program for Genomic Medicine (NRPGM) and the National Science Council, under the leadership of Prof. Yi-Ching Wang, Department of Pharmacology, NCKU, and with the joint teamwork of Dr. Pinpin Lin, Division of Environmental Health and Occupational Medicine, National Health Research Institute, Dr. Han-Shui Hsu, Division of Thoracic Surgery, Veterans General Hospital, and Dr. Chih-Yi Chen, Cancer Center, China Medical University Hospital, the paper launched a new approach to the prevention and cure of the human tumor disease and it was made the cover story of the February issue of the world's leading biomedical journal, The Journal of Clinical Investigation.
The Department of Health unveiled a new Tobacco Control strategy today to halve the number of smokers from 21% to 10% of the population by 2020. Different measures are being considered including the removal of branding from packets and banning cigarette vending machines, as will happen in Scotland in 2011. The new strategy will also ensure that every smoker will be able to get help from the NHS to suit them if they want to give up. Research by the Department of Health shows that seven out of ten smokers want to quit. Last year alone, over 370, 000 people stopped smoking thanks to the free support from the NHS. The key points set out in the strategy are: - Stopping young people being recruited as smokers by cracking down on cheap illicit cigarettes. Immediate investment in extra overseas officers will stop 200 million cigarettes entering the UK every year. - Every smoker will be able to get help from the NHS to suit them if they want to give up - new types of support will be available at times and in places that suit smokers.
Sweet Water Volunteer Fire Department, the Alabama Department of Public Health and the Sweet Water Ladies' Auxiliary are proud to conduct a program that will help protect lives and property in Marengo County. This program is called the Alabama Smoke Alarm Initiative. Volunteers canvass door to door to offer and install smoke alarms to residents who need them, all provided free of charge. Fire department, public health and auxiliary volunteers will kick off the event Saturday, March 27 between 11 a.m. and 1 p.m. at Sweet Water Fire Department Station 2, located at 351 Main St., Sweet Water. Snacks and drinks will be provided. "Be a part of this special event. We will be looking for volunteers, donations and a chance to meet our community, " said Capt. James Cortright. "So, if you have a chance, come by the station, grab a snack and find out for yourself what we will be doing in your neighborhood to help educate and protect you and your community." Source Alabama Department Of Public Health .
A parent's existing health habits or behaviors, like cigarette smoking, may influence the likelihood that they will have their daughters vaccinated against HPV. According to survey results on correlates of HPV vaccine use, whether parents would choose to vaccinate their daughters was not associated with one's background or medical history, but was more closely associated with certain behavioral factors of the parents. Results of this survey are published in the February issue of Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, a journal of the American Association for Cancer Research. "Whether or not respondents indicated that they would vaccinate their daughters against this cancer-causing virus was associated with physical activity, non-use of complementary or alternative therapies and, more surprisingly, cigarette smoking, " said lead researcher Carolyn Y. Fang, Ph.D., associate professor in the Cancer Prevention and Control Program at Fox Chase Cancer Center, Philadelphia.
Senator Frank R. Lautenberg (D-NJ), a longtime Senate leader in the fight against the tobacco industry, applauded the Food and Drug Administration's decision to continue their efforts to regulate electronic cigarettes. At Lautenberg's urging, the FDA is appealing a federal judge's ruling in the Smoking Everywhere case that the agency lacks the authority to regulate e-cigarettes as drug-device combinations. "There have been no clinical studies to verify the safety of these products or the long-term health effects. To the contrary, FDA's own laboratory analyses of electronic cigarette samples found them to contain carcinogens and toxins such as antifreeze components, " Lautenberg wrote in a letter to FDA Commissioner Margaret Hamburg. "I disagree with the decision in this case and support the FDA's position that electronic cigarettes are drug-device combinations." In January, U.S. District Judge Richard J. Leon agreed with e-cigarette manufacturers Smoking Everywhere Inc. and NJoy that the FDA lacked the authority to regulate their products as drug-device combinations, a ruling that allowed their distribution to continue across the United States.
Four scientists at Barrow Neurological Institute at St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center have been awarded more than $2.2 million from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to research the effects of nicotine and develop new tobacco-related drug therapies. The grants will fund three separate research projects at the Phoenix-based institute in the next several years. Ronald J. Lukas, PhD and Vice President of Research at Barrow, is one of the world's leading experts on nicotine and has spent much of his research career studying its impact. Lukas' research lab, shared by Paul Whiteaker, PhD, is the main recipient of the funding. The Barrow laboratories of Jie Wu, MD, PhD, and Yongchang Chang, MD, PhD, also will receive funding from the grants. Lukas said these Barrow-led projects also will benefit a number of other researchers around the country who will receive collaborative NIH funding of more than $5 million for their participation in the studies. The newly-funded Barrow studies range from understanding how nicotine may reduce depression, to how it creates addiction, to how nicotine addiction is related to lung cancer.
NHS Confederation chair Bryan Stoten has said that smoking is the most crucial health challenge facing the NHS in response to the government's new tobacco control strategy. He also called for a cross party concensus on smoking policy. The chair of the NHS Confederation today called for cross-party consensus on the future of policy towards smoking, which he described as the most crucial health challenge facing the health service. Bryan Stoten, was responding to the release by Secretary of State for Health, Andy Burnham, of the Government's tobacco control strategy. "Terrible ill health is directly caused by smoking and its cost to both wider society generally and the health service specifically is measured in lost days at work from sickness, the high cost of treatment and families who lose loved ones far too young and far too early to painful and distressing disease, " he said. "Smoking kills half of all lifelong smokers, wastes В 2.5bn of NHS income and accounts for over half of all health inequality.
The Royal College of Nursing (RCN) welcomed the new Department of Health strategy to halve the number of smokers by 2020. Dr Peter Carter, Chief Executive & General Secretary of the Royal College of Nursing (RCN) said: "The serious health consequences of tobacco are undisputed, and nurses will welcome moves to reduce the number of people who continue to smoke. The plans include robust ideas to stop young people smoking in the first place, such as clamping down on the sale and marketing of tobacco. "Nurses working in the primary care sector already play an influential role in helping people to quit smoking. In order to help greater numbers of people kick the habit, sustained investment to provide nurses with the skills and knowledge to deliver expert advice and appropriate treatment is vital." Source Royal College of Nursing
Parents are often motivated to quit smoking when they welcome a new baby into their family. Catching them while they're still in the hospital may be ideal, according to the study, "Using the Postpartum Hospital Stay to Address Mothers' and Fathers' Smoking: The NEWS Study, " published in the March issue of Pediatrics (appearing online Feb. 1). This pilot trial, known as Newborns Excel Without Secondhand Smoke (NEWS), assessed the smoking status of all new parents giving birth at a hospital child birth center during a 14-month period. Researchers enrolled 101 new parents who were smokers or who had recently quit smoking. About half received an in-person counseling session and an invitation to enroll in a telephone quit line. Letters were also sent to the newborn's pediatrician, the parents' primary care provider, and the mother's obstetrician indicating their tobacco use status and recommending strategies to help them quit. Of current smokers, 64 percent of those in the intervention group reported a quit attempt, versus 18 percent in the control group.