Health and Fitness

An Introduction to Urdu Poetry

Many of you may never have heard of Urdu Poetry before, and even fewer of you may know what Urdu Poetry actually is. This article is a humble attempt to give you some basic knowledge about Urdu Poetry. An appropriate place to start at would be the Urdu language. Urdu is an Indo-Aryan language that is spoken by an estimated 250 million people in India, Pakistan and neighbouring South Asian countries. Urdu is the official language of Pakistan and is the major language in some Indian states. But the language is not confined to the sub-Indian continent; Britain has one of the biggest Urdu communities in the world today. The Urdu language emerged in the 13th century in North India as a mixture of the Hindi language, other local languages, and the Persian language that was brought to the area by merchants and military men. Many Arabic and Turkish words have also been incorporated into Urdu. Its colourful mix of elements from many languages is the main reason for its highly poetic nature.

Basic Ingredients of Urdu Poetry

Although Urdu Poetry is a very intricate subject that manifests itself in many different forms, there are certain basic ingredients that characterize every Urdu poem. We will now take a look at how a basic Urdu poem is structured and familiarize ourselves with some of its basic ingredients. In Urdu Poetry, a poem usually takes the form of a ghazal. A ghazal is a collection of multiple couplets, called "ashaar", that adhere to the rules of "bahar", "radeef", "matla", "maqta", and "qafiya". Each couplet, or "sher" expresses a single thought and can stand alone. To understand how the typical Urdu poem is structured, it is vital that you understand what each of these five terms refer to. Bahar. In Urdu Poetry, "bahar" refers to the meter, or length, of a couplet. Each line of a couplet must have the same bahar as the other. In addition, every single couplet in a ghazal must have the same bahar. Urdu Poetry uses 19 different types of bahar which can be classified into short, medium, and long meters.

Different Forms of Urdu Poetry

Urdu poetry adheres to a number of strict rules that give way to its unique poetic structure. These rules govern the groups of versed lines that are used in every Urdu poem and dictate their meter, rhythm, rhyming pattern, ending words, and the location of the poet's signature. Despite these strict rules, Urdu poetry has evolved into an incredibly colourful art that manifests itself in a myriad of different forms. Each of the forms of Urdu poetry has unique characteristics that differentiate them from all the others. Although we won't be able to cover every single form in this article, we will take a look at some of the more popular ones: Ghazal. The Ghazal is a collection of many couplets (called "shers"), or pairs of lined verse that follow the rules of bahar, radeef, matla, maqta, and qafiya. Every couplet in a Ghazal should express a single thought or focus on a certain theme in such a way that it has the ability to stand alone. Each couplet in a Ghazal must have the same meter, bahar, the same rhyming pattern, qafiya, and must end in the same words, radeef.

Urdu Poetry - A Historical Perspective

The beginnings of Urdu poetry can be traced as far back as the 13th century, when some poets of in the north of India started experimenting with the style. But the classic form of Urdu poetry that we modern humans have come to know did not really take on a final shape until the 17th century, when Urdu became the official language of the court in the Indian subcontinent. Urdu poetry gained immense popularity in the 18th century when Urdu replaced Persian as the major language of the region. Urdu poetry has its linguistic roots etched in Persian, Turkish, and Arabic, and this colourful mix of cultural and linguistic conventions was one of the reasons why it came to be loved by so many people in the Indian subcontinent. In the 18th century, there was a scarcity of newspaper, media, and public information, so Urdu poetry became a way for people to communicate with each other about the social and political woes of the time. One of the most common forms of this communication was called a "Mushaira", which was a social event where poets gathered to read their works to the audience.

Writing Urdu Poetry

If you decide that you want to be a writer, then poetry is a good place to start. Where do you start? How is American poetry different from Urdu poetry? Why write poetry? You may be asking yourself these questions and more. Where to Start When you decide you want to write poetry you should decide if you are planning on writing any other kinds of literature. This will help you to know if you are going to want to stay only with creative writing and help you to figure out if you need to research other kinds of poetry such as Urdu poetry. You can write poetry on any subject if you really want to. How is American Different from Urdu Poetry? There really is not that much of a difference because it is all poetry that we can learn from. You may not be able to understand this when you are writing because you may not even know what Urdu poetry really is in the first place. You may need to take the time to research what you want to write weather it would be Urdu poetry or American based poetry. If you are multicultural then you will be able to understand the Urdu poetry better then if you are just reading American based poetry.

Hindu Poetry and You

There are many reasons that you may need to learn about Hindu Poetry. What is it really? Why should I learn about it? What can it do for me? These are all questions that you may be asking yourself. What is Urdu Poetry? It's a form of Hindu poetry that has been around for many years. You may not understand it if it has not been translated for you into English but it is a great form of poetry to learn about. If you are not familiar with the Hindu language, you may have trouble reading it because it is normally dine for those that can read Hindu and not for those that are only English speaking. You can have it translated but it may lose the thing that helps make it so special in the first place. This choice is up to you and what you want to do with it as well as what you may want to learn from it. What Can It Do For Me? There are many things that learning this Urdu poetry can do for you. It can teach you to respect other forms of art and to learn about them whenever you can. You may not be able to read the Urdu poetry right away, but taking the time to learn shows great respect for the culture and for the poetry that it is.

Urdu Poetry

You may not know what Urdu poetry is if you are not familiar with Hindu and the traditions that comes with it. There are some questions that you may be asking yourself. What is Urdu poetry? How to find it? Why read it? What Is Urdu Poetry? This is a poetry that has been around for many years and there are many famous poets that have been doing it for many years. It's really not that much different from American poetry except that you will need to know how to read Hindu or have a program that is able to read the language. It's a very pretty way of looking at most things in the world and helps you to understand the things that are around you. If you have ever taken the time to read it, you will see what many people see in it when they do read it and finally understand what it is and why they should read it in the long run. How Do You Find It? When you start looking for Urdu poetry, you may notice that you will have a harder time finding it in most places. The Internet is going to be the best place to look for this kind of poetry.

Where to Find Urdu Poetry

If you understand what Urdu poetry is then you may want to know where to find it so that you can read it on a regular basis. There are really only a few places that you can find it for the purpose of reading it. Your library, the Internet and your family. The Library The library is great place to look for Urdu poetry because they normally have a lot of books to choose from and may have a great section on this kind of poetry. You can look up the authors of the poetry in the file index at the library. This is the best place to start when looking in your local library. You may be able to find translated poetry this way for you to use in your Hindu learning. It's also a great way to learn the culture that you may not be familiar with at all. The Internet The Internet is another great place to start looking because it is a great place to get a lot of information fast and conveniently. Urdu poetry is easy to find on the Internet because anyone in any part of the world can add their web page and their information to it.

Two Poems - For A Sunday Afternoon

1) The Sun, and Coffee at Starbucks The sun has no door today-but it's looking for one; its face is in the window-slightly, it has white bright knuckles this afternoon- It drags its Sunday rays along the profile of my face. The trees outside, from where I sit, across from me through the window, are porky-pine green, and beyond those, are peach colored balconies. I'm at 'Starbucks, ' Benavides: the walls have long stretched out pictures, of a weird coffee pot, tables, circles, coffee cups, and musical things, things like horns and notes, and so forth...! My latte is strong, I like it like that, and I sip on it, while reading: Shelley, Dylan Thomas, and Plath. There are no clouds today in Lima, just mist from the ocean, mixed into the atmosphere, a lazy lazy mist at that; a stiff and thick kind of mist, like soup-with slow moving feet, for I can see patches of blue beyond it, and the sun, the sun I so love seeping through a porthole or two, still looking for that door.

The Reflection Vietnam War, 1971 Poetic Prose

I walked into a bar on 1st Avenue in Minneapolis I remember, it was 1982, and I sat down at the bar, looked into the picture across from me, drank a beer down, asked for a second, smoked a cigarette, several of them, looked into the picture deeper, its glass reflected me. "You ok, it looks like you're trying to find yourself in that picture and it bothers you?" said the bartender to me, kindly. There was a horrifying feature in that picture, it was me, and I replied to his question: "Mister, according to the patriotic principles we are suppose to have had here in the United States-in war time, as in going to fight in the Vietnam War, I felt all men should have gone, consequently all men by law did not have to go, equality was measured differently, if you were in college, or married, or had money, you need not have gone-you were dispensable; therefore, I have a right to look deep into your glass that has a picture beyond it, with contentment or discontentment, for it concerns my sense of right and wrong.

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