Many cultures and moral philosophies have promoted so-called selflessness, such as the ethical doctrine of altruism by Auguste Comte (who coined the term altruism). Perhaps as a result, some other philosophies have promoted so-called selfishness, such as the ethical doctrine of Egoism and Ayn Rand's philosophy of Objectivism. Putting prescriptive morality aside, I contend that the self-interestedness supported by pro-selfishness philosophers does not necessarily conflict with the kindness supported by pro-selflessness philosophers. The two philosophical viewpoints appear to directly oppose each other, but that appearance stems from the use of divisively confusing terminology. Firstly, let's look at the use of term selfish. Generally speaking, what most pro-selfishness philosophers call "selfishness, " I would just call self-interestedness. To most people, 'selfishness' generally refers to acting upon especially greedy, uncompassionate or narcissistic motivations. In contrast, 'self-interestedness' can simply refer to acting out of one's own interests, including indirect interests.
I have a lot of respect of Ayn Rand with her philosophy on life called Objectivism. This view has been applauded and booed. There is no in-between, people love it, or hate it. For me, I love it. Objectivism is an interesting philosophy. When you take the atheist side of it, Ayn Rand viewed the idea of a higher power as something that undermined human beings. A belief in God was putting yourself down. Objectivism isn't like atheism though. It is a belief that the human mind is the highest power. That our mind is something that needs to expressed as the most powerful entity. We shouldn't spend our lives trying to live by religious rules and suck up to a God that may or may not exist, just for a chance to spend time in a place that may not exist. The view is that we are our own highest power and our mind is the highest power. We need to use our minds to create the great things that make our lives great. We should be living to the best of our potential now, instead of gambling on a future in our next life.
The word "liminality" comes from the Latin, "limen", which means threshold. It was first used by writers such as Arnold van Gennep to describe rituals or rites of passage in which the participants crossed a boundary or threshold, as from child to adult. More recently, the words liminal and liminality, while still not exactly everyday expressions, have been gaining popularity and are losing some of their academic and esoteric strangeness. I think this is because the times we are living in are, in many ways, liminal. Things, of course, are always changing. So we can look at any historical period, or period of our own lives for that matter, and label it "liminal." However, very recent history has seen an acceleration in the rate of change in almost every area of our lives. As we move around more, changing our residences, jobs and careers, relationships and even in many instances our religion or basic outlook on life, our lives have taken on a kind of extended liminality. In many ways, liminal is related to another popular intellectual catch-phrase of recent years -postmodernism.
Throughout philosophical discussions concerning technology the concept of "human nature, " and its influence, are often referenced. Upon examining consciousness within a technological context the idea of a loss of humanity or individuality continually arises. Curiously, this seems to imply something very strange - specifically that the major trends of human nature are ultimately leading to its own demise. The abstraction of human characteristics and qualities, such as talent and emotion, which emerges from the influence of human nature on technology, causes a reasonable sense of fear and unnaturalness in most people. It's clear and obvious that the world is rapidly changing in a way that history has never felt before. Socially, environmentally, and even spiritually, humankind is experiencing a metamorphosis. Issues that have stirred the minds of fanatics and dreamers for centuries are finally coming to a boil. Despite this, we may find consolation in the idea that perhaps human beings are simply a stepping-stone in the bigger picture, and that quality which we refer to as 'humanity, ' actually derives from the whole of the cosmos and will be survived regardless of the fate of the 46 chromosomed machines that claim it as their exclusive birthright.
A psychoactive is defined as that which has a profound or significant affect on the mental processes. Although typically used in the context of drugs and substances, this concept is often extended to anything evoking a seemingly 'mystical experience.' What people describe as mystical experiences are indistinguishable, neurologically and empirically, from deep and poignant religious experiences. Moments of oneness and insight are typical in both cases. In "The Varieties of Religious Experience (1902), " William James describes mystical experiences as ineffable, noetic, passive (rather, a sense of loss of control), and fleeting. From the remote mystics of Sufism and Kabbalah, to modern day 'urban shamans, ' psychonauts have sought methods other than imbibement to investigate the cosmos within. Through meditation, breath control, lucid dreaming, sensory deprivation, and a host of other methods, music has stood among cultures in this service probably since early man first danced around campfires.
Here is a mysterious disease, one that South America and most warm states in the United States do not have. It seems to belong to the colder more gray climates of the world. Keep walking, walking, walking, never stop, if you do, Multiple Sclerosis, will get caught up with you, and bye by, to walking, get the wheel chair my friend, it is the end to the end for walking. Get out of the cold and dimly lit environment you are in, and gray climates; get to the sun, where you get Vitamin D, sucked up into your body, like a hurricane (perhaps drink some milk); your immune system is nil you know, and it knows it... icky. Stop that stressful job, and your headaches may disappear, or your spine may become cured. Get rid of those who chant, you can't. MS is many things, but few know how to care for it while it increases each day, unto months, and debilitates you to a puppet. For your numbness, take Glucosamine 500; and for your vision, and if you are dropping things try several natural enhancers.
I was watching the "Mummy" again for the upteenth time and realized why I love this movie so much is because it reminds me of my days in the early 90's when I was living in Cairo. The soul of Egypt takes hold of you and she never lets you go. She stays inside of you and lingers always reminding you that to exist without her is not existing at all. So she possessed me and lives inside me. I have never been more at home in any place than Egypt. The market place will always be my favorite place to visit. The smells, sounds and whispers of every day life and life lived for thousands of years walks with you everywhere you go. It's like the past, present and future have no idea that they must exist separate. They come together and create timelessness. I think that is why I felt so alive because I existed for the day and lived life to its fullest as each moment passed. To say traveling to Egypt is a spiritual experience is an understatement. She is the cornerstones of time and her soul encompasses the spiritual, mystical and magical.
Everything has a philosophy that can be applied to it. You can put your own spin on any event you encounter in your personal life. How about applying philosophies to your education? It is something that is very important; therefore, you should look for various ways to get the most out of your learning experiences. Let's discuss examples. The learning process starts after birth. Babies begin learning things right away; however, they can only learn a limited amount of things on their own. If you are a parent, talk to your babies to help them develop their speech and vocabulary skills. Read to your babies while showing them your book to help them learn to read. After your babies become a little advanced, do your best to teach them how to spell and write. Teach them basic math. For example, you could put five apples in front of your kids and ask them, "If I take away two of these apples, how many will be left?" There are other things you can do to boost your kids' educational development.
Philosophical discussions generally consist of productive debate in which two or more people attempt to rationally argue for different sides of a question. They each try to think up and explain a logical argument in support of their position while constructively trying to offer logical rebuttals of the other person's position. Though called arguments, the philosophers generally have a lot of respect for each other and enjoy having the discussion in a friendly tone. In fact, it becomes very difficult to have a worthwhile philosophical discussion without a lot of respectfulness and friendliness. Unfortunately, sometimes one person may use an ad hominem argument. An ad hominem argument consists of replying to a person's argument by merely attacking the character of the person making the argument. It can also be called a personal attack or an irrelevant insult. For example, if Joe claims that the sky is blue, Bob would be making an ad hominem argument if he responded by saying, "No, it isn't because you are an ugly moron.
A World In Strife War had waged in the world for thousands of years. Violence and crime were rampant, the people lived in terror. No matter what they tried as groups or individuals, nothing changed. Anti-war protests, greater law enforcement, petitions, rallies, political pressure, sanctions - nothing produced the desired effect. Nobody wanted war and violence, but the governments of the world seemed determined that they should happen. Terrorist extremists had an ever tightening hold on communities, countries and continents. Television, radio and newspapers bombarded homes every day with horrific and graphic news of yet more disasters, atrocities and deaths. As if it was not bad enough that these things had occurred, innocent families were forced to relive them again, and again and again. A NEW Insight Then one day, a group of people decided to change their mind. Growing weary of fear, terror, war and violence, they realised that they could no longer rely on politics and economics to bring peace.