Health and Fitness

Massage And Other Hands On Therapies Can Help Reduce Pain

Massage, manipulation and other hands-on approaches can safely and effectively help with pain management. The January issue of Mayo Clinic Women's HealthSource discusses the uses and benefits of massage, spinal manipulation, and Rolfing, as well as the Alexander technique and the Feldenkrais method. Massage: Almost everyone feels better after the soothing strokes of a massage. This process involves applying pressure to the body's soft tissues by rubbing, kneading or rolling. There are a variety of techniques and styles, such as deep tissue massage, where deeper layers of muscle and connective tissue are manipulated. Another approach focuses on trigger points -- muscle "knots" that are painful when pressed. Massage can help reduce pain, muscle soreness and swelling. It can improve circulation, joint flexibility and range of motion. Massage has been shown to help those with chronic back pain, migraines, knee osteoarthritis and cancer. Spinal manipulation: Also called spinal adjustment, this therapy is used to treat restricted spinal mobility.

Does Electro-Acupuncture Prevent Prolonged Postoperative Ileus?

A research article published on January 7, 2010 in the World Journal of Gastroenterology addresses this question. In this prospective randomized clinical trial, the authors examined if acupuncture could prevent prolonged postoperative ileus (PPOI) after intraperitoneal surgery among patients with colon cancer in Shanghai, China. Acupuncture did not prevent PPOI in this population. Subset analyses in patients who developed PPOI also suggested acupuncture was not useful in this setting to treat PPOI once it developed. The study was part of a unique collaboration between researchers in the United States at The University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, Texas and China at the Fudan University Cancer Hospital in Shanghai. Only one previous randomized trial, conducted in the United States, has examined the use of acupuncture to prevent PPOI in cancer patients. According to Meng and colleagues, standard postoperative care is very different in China than in the United States, and some of these treatment differences could play an important role in postoperative gastrointestinal motility and development of complications such as prolonged ileus.

China Aoxing Pharmaceutical Company Announces Successful Completion Of Phase II Clinical Study Of Novel Menstrual Pain Drug

China Aoxing Pharmaceutical Company, Inc. (OTCBB: CAXG) ("China Aoxing"), a pharmaceutical company specializing in research, development, manufacturing and distribution of narcotic and pain-management products, today announced that it completed Phase II clinical study for oral TJSL capsules, a novel investigational drug to treat primary dysmenorrhea ("PD"), or menstrual pain, in adult women. Top-line results from this study are expected to be announced in the coming weeks. The Phase II clinical study was a 12-week, multi-center, randomized, double-blind and placebo-controlled study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of TJSL capsules among 240 patients with primary dysmenorrheal. Subjects were between 18 and 35 years old enrolled at four leading university teaching hospitals in metropolitan areas of China. Subjects received TJSL capsules or placebos, three times a day for ten days, starting at one week prior to each menstrual cycle or period. The primary endpoints used to evaluate the efficacy were the sum of pain score differences, measured by visual analogue scale ("VAS"), as well as symptom improvement during menstruation over three menstrual cycles.

Stung By A Duck-Billed Platypus? Unlocking The Mystery Of The Venom

Abandon any notion that the duck-billed platypus is a soft and cuddly creature -- maybe like Perry the Platypus in the Phineas and Ferb cartoon. This platypus, renowned as one of the few mammals that lay eggs, also is one of only a few venomous mammals. The males can deliver a mega-sting that causes immediate, excruciating pain, like hundreds of hornet stings, leaving victims incapacitated for weeks. Now scientists are reporting an advance toward deciphering the chemical composition of the venom, with the first identification of a dozen protein building blocks. Their study is in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, a weekly publication. Masaki Kita, Daisuke Uemura, and colleagues note that spurs in the hind limb of the male platypus can deliver the venom, a cocktail of substances that cause excruciating pain. The scientists previously showed that the venom triggers certain chemical changes in cultured human nerve cells that can lead to the sensation of pain. Until now, however, scientists did not know the exact components of the venom responsible for this effect.

What Is Tennis Elbow? What Causes Tennis Elbow?

Tennis elbow (lateral epicondylitis) is a painful condition. It often occurs as a result of strenuous overuse of the muscles and tendons of the forearm and around the elbow joint. As its name suggests, tennis elbow can sometimes be caused by playing tennis, but many other common activities can cause tennis elbow. It is also known as "shooter's elbow" and "archer's elbow". The main symptom of tennis elbow is pain and inflammation on the outside of the elbow. Pain can also spread into the forearm and wrist. According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary : Tennis elbow is a "chronic inflammation at the origin of the extensor muscles of the forearm from the lateral epicondyle of the humerus, as a result of unusual or repetitive strain (not necessarily from playing tennis)." Symptoms can also sometimes occur on the inner side of the elbow. This is often referred to as golfer's elbow. The elbow joint It is surrounded by muscles that move the elbow, wrist and fingers. The tendons in the elbow join the bones and muscles together.

Obesity And Anesthesia- Yes, There Is A Connection

At a time of year when people make plans to drop a few pounds, perhaps even consider bariatric surgery, the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) wants to ensure the public has the facts regarding one's weight and the impact it may have on his or her anesthesia experience. The ASA has launched a campaign to educate the public on the issue, and empower the patient to make important lifestyle changes, whenever possible, before going under the knife. "The health implications of obesity are enormous. Illnesses associated with obesity such as Type 2 Diabetes, Obstructive Sleep Apnea, hypertension and cardiovascular disease have significant implications for patients requiring surgery and anesthesia, " said Martin Nitsun, M.D., Clinical Assistant Professor, University of Chicago Pritzker School of Medicine, NorthShore University HealthSystem. "Obesity related changes in anatomy make airway management in this population challenging." Airway obstruction due to Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) can result in decreased airflow and oxygen in patients receiving even minimal amounts of sedation.

What Is Tendinitis Tendonitis ? What Causes Tendinitis?

Tendinitis, also known as tendonitis, is the inflammation of a tendon. Tendinitis is a type of tendinopathy - a disease of the tendon. Tendinosis is similar to tendinitis, but requires different treatment. Tendinitis refers to larger-scale acute (sudden, short-term) injuries with inflammation. Usually tendinitis is referred to by the body part involved, for example, Achilles tendinitis which affects the Achilles tendon, or patellar tendinitis which affects the patellar tendon (jumper's knee). Tendinitis can occur in various other parts of the body, including the elbow, wrist, finger, or thigh. It is caused by overusing a tendon or injuring it, as may happen during sport. Tendinitis can affect people of any age, but is more common among adults who do a lot of sports. Elderly individuals are also susceptible to tendinitis because our tendons tend to lose their elasticity and become weaker as we get older. According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary : Tendonitis is "Inflammation of a tendon.

New Tools Use Light To Turn Off Brain Cells And Possibly Treat Brain Disorders

Neuroscientists at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have developed a powerful new class of tools to reversibly shut down brain activity using different colors of light. When targeted to specific neurons, they could potentially lead to new treatments for abnormal brain activity associated with disorders including chronic pain, epilepsy, brain injury and Parkinson's disease. Such disorders could best be treated by silencing, rather than stimulating abnormal brain activity. These new tools, or 'super silencers, ' exert exquisite control over the timing in which overactive neural circuits are shut down --an effect that is not possible with existing drugs or other conventional therapies. The National Science Foundation's division of mathematical sciences supports the research through a grant to the Cognitive Rhythms Collaborative, which is comprised of four research groups in the Boston area focused on questions in neuroscience. The collaborative brings together researchers with expertise ranging from experimental design to mathematical modeling.

American Orthopaedic Foot Ankle Society Offers Advice For Treatment Of Heel Pain

Holiday shopping and holiday feasting may make you a prime candidate for a case of plantar fasciitis. Prolonged walking or standing and an increase in body weight are two leading causes of plantar fasciitis, a painful overuse injury affecting the sole of the foot, warns the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS). According to the AOFAS, plantar fasciitis typically starts gradually with mild heel pain. The pain classically occurs with the first step in the morning. Treatment options include stretching exercises, and modifying activities until the initial inflammation goes away. Ice application to the sore area for 20 minutes three or four times a day may also relieve symptoms. Your orthopaedic surgeon may also prescribe a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication. But your best course of action is a routine of home exercises to stretch the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia. Benedict DiGiovanni, MD, Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics at the University of Rochester Medical Center (NY) and active AOFAS member, treats many patients with plantar fasciitis.

Abuse In Childhood Linked To Migraine And Other Pain Disorders

Researchers from the American Headache Society's Women's Issues Section Research Consortium found that incidence of childhood maltreatment, especially emotional abuse and neglect, are prevalent in migraine patients. The study also found that migraineurs reporting childhood emotional or physical abuse and/or neglect had a significantly higher number of comorbid pain conditions compared with those without a history of maltreatment. Full findings of the study appear in the January issue of Headache: The Journal of Head and Face Pain, published on behalf of the American Headache Society by Wiley-Blackwell. According to a report by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, state and local child protective services (CPS) investigated 3.2 million reports of child abuse or neglect in 2007. CPS classified 794, 000 of these children as victims with 59% classified as child neglect; 4% were emotional abuse; 8% as sexual abuse; and 11% were physical abuse cases. Both population- and clinic-based studies, including the current study, have demonstrated an association between childhood maltreatment and an increased risk of migraine chronification years later.

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