Leading Scientist Presented With A National Award For His Unsurpassed Commitment To The Understanding Of Human Lactation
One of the worlds leading lactation experts, Professor Peter Hartmann, has been awarded with the Rank Prize Fund for Nutrition, worth В 50, 000, in recognition of his groundbreaking collaborative work with Prof. Robyn Owens and their invaluable contribution to the current understanding of human lactation. The funds, which are awarded in acknowledgment of excellence in; animal and health nutrition, crop husbandry and optoelectronics, will be presented during an official ceremony in London on February 8th at The Royal College of Physicians. Professor Hartmann has been dedicated to the field of human lactation since his daughter's birth in 1971; prior to this he studied milk synthesis and hormonal control of milk production in animals. His enthusiasm in human milk developed further upon his appointment to The University of Western Australia as a lecturer in 1972, a post which also saw him direct the University's Human Lactation Research Group. It was here that Professors Hartmann and Owens were able to develop a system that allowed for the non invasive investigation of breastmilk synthesis, a feat never before achieved and to date, never duplicated.
Under Shah's Leadership, USAID Poised 'To Regain Its Prominence' In Global Nutrition, Lancet Opinion Says Rajiv Shah's appointment as USAID administrator "comes at a crucial time of challenge and opportunity for the Agency to improve the nutritional well-being of impoverished societies, " write the authors of a Lancet Comment that examines the U.S. Global Hunger and Food Security Initiative. Though the initiative "sends a clear message to the world about U.S. intent to partner with poor nations to achieve their national food and nutrition goals ... the Initiative's nutrition plan, unlike its detailed agricultural blueprint, currently lacks a comprehensive set of aims, activities, research needs, and programme benchmarks, " the authors write. "The expertise required to address agricultural, food security, and nutritional needs are well within the capabilities of USAID, USDA, and their collaborating partners. ... USAID stands poised, under Shah's leadership, to regain its prominence as a global supporter of evidence-based strategies for applied nutrition, " they conclude (West/Black, 1/30).
A low-carbohydrate diet appears to be associated with substantial weight loss similar to that produced by a combination of the weight-loss drug orlistat and a low-fat diet, but may be more effective in reducing blood pressure. William S. Yancy Jr., M.D., M.H.S., and colleagues at the Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Duke University Medical Center, Durham, N.C., examined body weight, metabolic and adverse effects in obese or overweight outpatients ages 18 to 70 who were randomly assigned to one therapy or the other for 48 weeks. Of the participants, 57 in the low-carb diet group and 65 in the orlistat and low-fat diet group completed the study. Weight loss was similar for both groups (an average of 8.5 percent to 9.5 percent of body weight), but the low-carb diet resulted in greater reductions to systolic (top number) and diastolic (bottom number) blood pressures. High-density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglyceride levels improved similarly in both groups. "In conclusion, the low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet and the orlistat plus low-fat diet were equally effective for weight loss and several cardiovascular disease risk factors, although the low-carbohydrate diet was more effective for lowering blood pressure, " the authors conclude.
The traditional practice of restricting food and fluids during labour does not provide any benefits, finds a new review co-authored by a Queen's University Associate Professor. "Based on our review, there is no convincing and current evidence to support restriction of fluids, and perhaps food, for women during labour. Women should be able to choose for themselves, " says Dr. Joan Tranmer of the Queen's School of Nursing. Practitioners have been concerned about eating and drinking during labour since the 1940s. The restriction is thought to prevent Mendelson's syndrome (named after work by Dr. Carl Mendelson), a rare, but sometimes fatal, condition caused by regurgitation of acidic stomach contents into the lungs when a general anaesthetic is given. "With medical advances over the past 60 years, including the increase use of epidural anesthesia, we thought it was time to question the widespread ban on food and drink now that we are in the 2000s, " says Professor Tranmer. "The use of general anesthesia during C-sections is low.
A researcher at Charles Drew University of Medicine and Science is investigating the potential use of non-pathogenic baker's yeast as a promising, natural therapy for cancer. Dr. Mamdooh Ghoneum presented his findings Tuesday, Feb. 2 at a special conference on "Cell Death Mechanism, " sponsored by the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR) at the Omni San Diego Hotel in San Diego. "The central focus of the meeting is cell death regulation and how to mine and exploit it for therapeutic gain, " a written evaluation of the AACR special conference states. "This conference includes new complexities of cell death and cell survival, new technologies, and clinical translational aspects necessary for the evolution of new therapeutic strategies." For more than two decades, Dr. Ghoneum has pursued a theory that cancer cells self destruct when exposed to small quantities of yeast. In laboratory tests, Dr. Ghoneum exposed cancer cells to yeast and observed as they ingested the yeast - through a process known as phagocytosis - and then the cancer cells died.
Also In Global Health News: Food Needs In Sudan; Malaria Vaccine; Agriculture In India; Generic Drugs
Drought, Conflict More Than Triple Food Needs In S. Sudan "The number of people in Southern Sudan needing food aid has quadrupled to about 4.3 million this year from a year ago because of violence and drought, the United Nations World Food Programme said " Tuesday, Bloomberg reports (Maier, 2/2). The agency, which is facing a funding shortfall of $485.4 million, estimates more than 11 million people in the country will need food assistance this year (2/2). GlobalPost Examines Ongoing Malaria Vaccine Trials In Africa The GlobalPost examines the ongoing clinical trial of the malaria vaccine, RTS, S - or Mosquirix - in seven African countries. The trial expects to enroll 16, 000 children to test the safety and effectiveness of the vaccine and should last between three and five years. "The vaccine would be an important weapon in the fight against deadly malaria but would be just one part of an arsenal that includes insecticide-treated bed nets, indoor spraying, effective treatment once malaria takes hold and preventative anti-malarials for pregnant women.
The Food Standards Agency (FSA) today officially launched SmallSteps4Life - an innovative approach to motivating young people to take simple steps towards improving their health and well-being, both inside and outside the classroom. The programme also supports the Change4Life movement, and is part of Get Set - the London 2012 education programme that will help deliver the lasting legacy of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. SmallSteps4Life invites young people to set themselves challenges relating to the themes of eating well, getting active and feeling good, over a period of at least four weeks. Examples include: eat a healthy breakfast every day, walk to and from school, and get more sleep. SmallSteps4Life is the result of an FSA research project, piloted by the National Children's Bureau in six schools in Kent during 2008. Four months after the end of the pilot, over 70% of primary school students and 65% of secondary school students who completed questionnaires reported that they were still going with their health challenges.
Combining an anti-hypertension diet with exercise and weight loss counseling may result in increased reduction in high blood pressure along with other benefits. James A. Blumenthal, Ph.D., of Duke University Medical Center, Durham, N.C., and colleagues studied 144 overweight or obese patients with high blood pressure. For four months, 46 were assigned to follow the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet; 49 followed the diet and added supervised exercise and cognitive-behavioral weight loss therapy; and 49 ate their usual diet. Blood pressure as measured in the clinic decreased by 16.1/9.9 millimeters of mercury among those in the DASH plus weight management group, 11.2/7.5 millimeters of mercury among those in the DASH alone group and 3.4/3.8 millimeters of mercury in those following their normal diet. Other measures of blood vessel and heart function-including mass of the left ventricle-were also most improved in patients assigned to DASH plus weight management.
U.S. Government Resumes Medical Evacuations From Haiti; New Food Voucher Distribution Targeting Women Begins
"The U.S. government said on Sunday it would resume military evacuation flights" within 12 hours for critically ill and injured Haitians who were harmed in the Jan. 12 earthquake, Reuters reports (Rosenberg/Brown, 1/31). Medical evacuations had been suspended for a few days, but the reason for the suspension "is unclear as various government authorities have provided different explanations, " the Wall Street Journal reports. In a statement, White House spokesman Tommy Vietor said, "Patients are being identified for transfer, doctors are making sure that it is safe for them to fly, and we are preparing specific in-flight pediatric care aboard the aircraft where needed." According to Vietor, Florida is identifying facilities to absorb new patients and some evacuees could be sent to other countries. The article examines some of the logistical issues caused by the halted medical evacuations (Gauthier-Villars/McKay/Levitz, 2/1). Before medical evacuations resumed, some doctors in Haiti feared the move would endanger the lives of injured people, according to a second Reuters article.
The American Dietetic Association has published an updated position paper that addresses the nutrition aspects of health care for people with developmental disabilities and special health care needs. It emphasizes prevention, coordination of care, the increasing role of technology and the importance of services provided by registered dietitians and dietetic technicians, registered. ADA's position paper, published in the February issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association, represents the Association's official stance on this health issue: It is the position of the American Dietetic Association that nutrition services provided by registered dietitians and dietetic technicians, registered, are essential components of comprehensive care for all people with developmental disabilities and special health care needs. ADA's position and accompanying paper were written by registered dietitians Cynthia L. Van Riper, clinical dietitian at the University of Nebraska Medical Center's Munroe-Meyer Institute for Genetics and Rehabilitation;