Adelaide Casely Hayford, nйe Smith was born on June 27, 1868 in Freetown, Sierra Leone, to a Gold Coast mulatto father of English and Fanti heritage and a Krio mother related to the Easmon family in Sierra Leone. The young Adelaide spent most of her childhood and adolescence in England where her father had retired in 1872. In England, she attended the Jersey Ladies College, and at the age of seventeen proceeded to Stuttgart, Germany to study music at the Stuttgart Conservatory. Adelaide and her sisters returned to Sierra Leone after twenty-five years abroad. In Freetown she became a strong advocate for cultural nationalism as well as an educationist, and an ardent feminist. Her determination to ensure that Sierra Leoneans preserve their national identity and cultural heritage caused her in 1925 to attend a reception in honour of the Prince of Wales in traditional African costume. This caused quite a sensation then. She had also become a short story writer. After spending a few years in Freetown, she returned to England where, together with her sister, she opened a boarding home for African bachelors.
That's a heck of a name for a tall lean half Irish half aboriginal, northern territory entertainer. I did not realize what I was getting myself into, the first time I met Valentine McGinnis. I'd never met anyone like him before, and I've never met anyone like him since. Val was a real black fella whitefella mix. He was equally at home amongst the black and the white. He could talk white fella language with eloquence and charm and astounding humor. But amazingly he could also talk fluently in the language of his black ancestors in tongues dating back to when Australia was exclusively an aboriginal domain. Now the typical aboriginal is a rather shy reserved type of person. A bit quiet when there's white fellas around. Perhaps out of necessity, not wishing to succumb to some Anglo Saxon deviousness. But of course, anyone who has been around aboriginals a lot [as I have over the last 40 years wandering the Australian outback], knows that underneath their reserved appearance lies some unique personality traits.
Charles Darwin 1802 - 1882 was a famous English Naturalist and geologist whose famous work included On the Origin of Species a piece of work that changed the worlds outlook on the creation of species; Darwin provided scientific evidence that all species evolved over time from common ancestors through the process of natural selection. The Origin of Species provided key understanding of the biology of life and the concept of diversity, Darwin's research and results also challenged the Church's theory regarding the creation of man and great controversy arose over the theory that man had in fact evolved from an ape. There is currently a Project containing the largest collection of Darwin's letters composed during his life; many of which sent during his journey aboard the H.M.S Bugle containing great reference to his amazing discoveries and discussing his theories of evolution long before he published On The Origin of Species. The Darwin Correspondence Project has digitised over 14, 500 letters that Darwin exchanged with around 200 different correspondents with the earliest letter dated when Darwin was the young age of 12.
Imagine if Queen Victoria never came to the throne... because her cousin, Princess Charlotte Augusta (1796-1817), beat her to it. Of course this couldn't have happened; Despite being as wildly popular to the England of her time as Princess Diana was to ours, Princess Charlotte never became the Queen she might have been, and by birth, should have been, for the simple reason that she died before getting the chance to. Read on to catch a glimpse of Her Royal Highness, Princess Charlotte of Wales --passionate, a sometime pawn of her warring parents, and a great favourite among the English during the regency until her death in 1817. She was a romantic ideal to her subjects, (even Jane Austen loved her) but a doomed daughter. A future monarch who would never reach the throne. In 1817 when Princess Charlotte, the only child of the Prince Regent and his estranged wife Caroline of Brunswick, died at the age of 21 (following childbirth), Britain went into mourning such as was not seen again until the death of Princess Diana.
There is no doubt about the fact that society is sick. Wanting to heal disease is desirable, the same as to heal an individual sickness. But looking at this society how diseases are treated and what is the attitude and understanding about disease, the question shows up: Who wants to heal society with the same attitude as when healing personal disease? This is simply not possible and shows the naivety and innocence of the asker. First we need to know what the real reason is why society is sick; it is not enough to treat the symptoms like it is done from the established health system. It would be necessary to threat the root cause. What is the root cause? Here the first dilemma is showing up: Only a person who has healed oneself from the common disease, being part of this society, is capable to look behind the big games, realizing that for people in this society it is impossible even to have doubts while being totally identified with the basic concepts. Having doubts about this would mean to question oneself and this for sure is the last thing people want.
India is emerging as a superpower nation and ready to compete its competitors in every frame. Furthermore, it has been able to leave a mark of success and symbolizes fraternity in the international platform. This advancement and triumph is accredited to the sons of India, who religiously dedicated their lives. The personalities with character of passion, devotion and patriotic feelings struggled to foster the history of India. They have changed the views of western world towards India. The history of India has witnessed personalities that enhanced the time past and present. If followed a comprehensive study of Indian history then hundreds of names will shine. In each sector, whether social, political, corporate, science, music and arts, architecture, sports etc. India is not lacking behind. Mahatma Gandhi, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, A.B Vajpayee, Dr. Manmohan Singh are few figures that have influenced and strengthen the political sphere. Vivekananda, Sri Satya Sai Baba, Gautam Buddha are some well know religious thinkers.
Both of Joyce's protagonists in Ulysses, Leopold Bloom and Stephen Dedalus, are alienated, marginalized, and exilic figures of the Dublin society. Regarding Edward Said's view, exile in modern times, often in colonial and postcolonial societies, does not just refer to the political dissidents, but it includes the people who are alienated amid their native culture and within their motherland/language. Considering Ireland's colonial condition, which is on the verge of a transition into the famous modernity of twentieth century, Bloom and Stephen as two outstanding representatives of Dublin life, reveal a part of life at that historical period of Dublin. James Joyce in his masterpiece introduces, at least, two kinds of exilic figures representing two different groups: a Dublin-Jew-Intellectual and a Dublin-Artist-Intellectual. The Dublin-Jew-intellectual, Leopold Bloom is an actual exilic figure in Dublin, because his father's origin goes back to Hungary not Ireland. Besides, his original religion has been Jewish in the fiercely catholic environment of Ireland dominated by the powerful Catholic Church.
It will (the air) do you good, Bloom said, meaning also to walk, in a moment. The only thing is to walk then you'll feel a different man. It's not far. Lean on me. Accordingly he passed his left arm in Stephen's right and led him on accordingly. -Yes, Stephen said uncertainly, because he thought he felt a strange kind of flesh of a different man approach him, sinewless and wobbly and all that. ( U 581) [Emphasize mine] Both of Joyce's protagonists in Ulysses, Leopold Bloom and Stephen Dedalus, are exilic figures throughout the novel. Both of them wander throughout Dublin city during Thursday, June 16, 1904, and Joyce records their adventurous wandering in a delicate detailed Dublin manner. Bloom and Stephen's wandering throughout Dublin seems to be in quest of something. Something such as a lost family, a lost parent, a lost child. In this article the purpose is to examine the similarities of the exile and the intellectual features of these two protagonists, and if Joyce has any purpose to make them meet each other at the end of that special day.
Leopold Bloom and Stephen Dedalus are actual exiles from the physical idea of home and their houses. According to Cawelti, "one of them has given up (Stephen), and the other has forgotten (Bloom) the keys to their houses" (43). Gibbons in Semicolonial Joyce argues that one of the primary reasons for this giving up of home is that the "dysfunctions of the family were greater in Ireland, not on account of a racial pathology, but due to the social and economic consequences of a post-famine colonial condition" (168). Therefore, it could be inferred that the chaotic economic, social, and of course political condition of Ireland overall could have led to the "dysfunction" of family and home. Two examples of this kind of disorderly families are the Blooms and the Dedalus. The younger and more radical, Stephen Dedalus, has given up not only his home, but also even the idea of belonging to any family or, at least, to any father. The other middle-aged more compassionate father-like figure, Leopold Bloom, has left his house, due to his wife's unfaithfulness, who is going to invite her lover to her bed at home.
Leopold Bloom and Stephen Dedalus in Ulysses could be called metaphoric and spiritual exiles, because they are alienated, alone and exiles within their native culture. This is what Edward Said calls metaphoric, rather than physical, exile in the colonial societies of modern times. Bloom has had many religion conversions. Stephen, on the other hand, struggles to invent a new religion of art for his self-made identity. Leopold Bloom who represents an "every Jew" and a wandering Jew in Dublin has been an outcast from the very beginning in the fervent catholic environment of the city. Bloom's Jewishness and the Jews reputation of having no homeland of their own, makes him a notorious among Dubliners. He has converted from his Jewish religion into Catholicism to marry his beloved woman. Then again, he has converted to Protestantism. This is something unthinkable in the nationalistic and quasi-religious, what Joyce and Stephen believe as hypocritical, society of Dublin. Although Bloom calls Dublin "home and beauty" (435), he seems to belong to no specific religion or nationality in Dublin.