Health and Fitness

In New Data Alli Proven To Reduce Visceral Fat, A Dangerous Fat Linked To Many Life-Threatening Diseases

New studies show that overweight and obese people using alli® (orlistat 60 mg) with a reduced calorie, lower-fat diet can significantly reduce weight, visceral fat, and waist circumference and therefore may reduce their risk of type 2 diabetes, hypertension, heart disease and stroke .1, 2 The studies were presented at the 1st International Congress on Abdominal Obesity in Hong Kong. alli is the only FDA-approved OTC weight loss aid that is clinically proven to boost weight loss by 50 percent and significantly reduce excess visceral fat.3 Working in the digestive tract, alli prevents about 25 percent of the fat that a person eats from being absorbed.3 Visceral fat is a dangerous type of fat that surrounds the vital organs in the abdomen and when present in excess disrupts the normal functioning of organs, increasing the risk of life-threatening diseases.4-12 Even modest weight loss can result in significant reductions in visceral fat and substantially improve health.14-17 In fact, when losing weight, visceral fat is among the first fat lost, which is associated with noticeable health benefits such as reductions in total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein (LDL).

Majority Of Parents Don't Realize Their 4 Or 5 Year-Olds Are Overweight Or Obese

Half of the mothers who took part in a study thought that their obese four or five year-old was normal weight, as did 39 per cent of the fathers, according to the February issue of Acta Paediatrica. When it came to overweight children, 75 per cent of mothers and 77 per cent of fathers thought that their child was normal weight. More than 800 parents of 439 children took part in the study, carried out by researchers from the University Medical Centre Groningen in The Netherlands. Five per cent of the children were overweight, four were obese and the rest were normal weight. "As well as asking them to provide information on their child's height and weight, they were also asked to provide information on their own vital statistics" says Professor Pieter Sauer from the Department of Paediatrics. "We used this to compare the parents' assessment of their children with their own weight to see if there was any correlation. Data on the child and both parents was provided in 397 cases." The study showed that: Mothers and fathers of overweight and obese children were significantly heavier than the parents of normal weight children.

Wide Variation In Calorie Content Among Low Calorie Pet Foods

Dog and cat owners buying weight-control diets for their overweight pets are faced with a confusing two-fold variation in calorie density, recommended intake, and wide range cost of low-calorie pet foods, according to a study by the Cummings School of Veterinary Medicine at Tufts University. The study, published this month in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association, examined nearly 100 commercially available diets with weight management claims. Among their findings is that dry dog foods range in calorie density from 217 to 440 kilocalories per cup (kcal/cup) and a recommended intake that ranged from 0.73 to 1.47 times the dog's resting energy requirement. The diets also varied wildly in price - from 4 cents to more than $1.10 per kilocalorie. Similar findings were made in wet dog food (189-398 kcal/can) and cat food (235-480 kcal/cup) marketed for weight control. The results may be significant for owners whose cats or dogs are overweight or obese, according to Lisa M.

Parents' Perceptions Of Their Child's Competence Linked To Physical Activity

According to a new study, there is no direct link between parents' own level of physical activity, and how much their child may exercise. In fact, parents' perceptions of their children's athleticism are what have a direct impact on the children's activity. The study by Oregon State University researchers Stewart Trost and Paul Loprinzi, published in the journal Preventive Medicine, studied 268 children ages 2 to 5 in early childhood education centers in Queensland, Australia. Of these children, 156 parents or caregivers were surveyed on their parental practices, behaviors related to physical activity and demographic information. What they found is that parents' level of physical activity is not directly associated with their children, but instead that the direct link was between parental support and a child's level of physical activity. "Active parents may be more likely to have active children because they encourage that behavior through the use of support systems and opportunities for physical activity, but there is no statistical evidence that a child is active simply because they see that their parents exercise, " Trost said.

Use Of A Modified Syringe Barrel To Ensure Control Of The Amplatz Sheath During Percutaneous Nephrolithotripsy In Obese Patients

UroToday.com - The morbidly obese patient is not an uncommon presentation for renal stone disease requiring percutaneous nephrolithotomy. These patients can often be a challenge even with the extra long Amplatz sheath to access the intra renal collecting system. One trick that we have used at our center is to place heavy 0-silk sutures onto the distal edge of the percutaneous access sheath and secure these with a mosquito clamp at the flank in order to retrieve the sheath, even if it is below the skin level. However, this still makes advancing the scope, through the subcutaneous fat, into the top of the sheath challenging during the repeated removal and insertion of the scope required for lithotripsy and stone extraction. These authors have described a clever technique of using a 10-cc syringe barrel with the luer-lock end excised and inserting the barrel through the subcutaneous tissues to overlap the top of the Amplatz percutaneous sheath. This then allows an easy access directly into the sheath without the problem of the subcutaneous tissues impeding the passage of the scope from the skin level into the sheath buried within the subcutaneous fat.

More Than 180,000 In Grants Awarded To Schools And Community Groups To Help Fight Childhood Obesity

UnitedHealth Group (NYSE: UNH) has awarded more than 265 grants of up to $1, 000 to schools and youth-focused, community-based organizations in 35 states and the District of Columbia that have developed programs to fight childhood obesity in their communities. UnitedHealth HEROES Grants were awarded to programs that have demonstrated a clear understanding of the health risks associated with pediatric obesity; proposed creative solutions to fight obesity in their neighborhoods and communities; and can be easily implemented, scaled and measured. A list of grant winners will be available online at http://www.ysa.org. The grants are part of the UnitedHealth HEROES program, a service-learning, health literacy initiative developed by UnitedHealth Group and Youth Service America aimed at encouraging young people, working through educators and youth leaders, to create and implement local hands-on programs to address childhood obesity. "With UnitedHealth HEROES, we are helping young people take action to improve their overall health and quality of life in a way that's not only educational, but beneficial for their communities.

Low-Carb Diet Effective At Lowering Blood Pressure

In a head-to-head comparison, two popular weight loss methods proved equally effective at helping participants lose significant amounts of weight. But, in a surprising twist, a low-carbohydrate diet proved better at lowering blood pressure than the weight-loss drug orlistat, according to researchers at Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Duke University Medical Center. The findings send an important message to hypertensive people trying to lose weight, says William S. Yancy, Jr., MD, lead author of the study in the Jan. 25 Archives of Internal Medicine, and an associate professor of medicine at Duke. "If people have high blood pressure and a weight problem, a low-carbohydrate diet might be a better option than a weight loss medication." Yancy added, "It's important to know you can try a diet instead of medication and get the same weight loss results with fewer costs and potentially fewer side effects." Studies had already indicated that a low-carbohydrate diet and prescription-strength orlistat combined with a low-fat diet are effective weight loss therapies.

Mayor Of London Joins Forces With New York To Battle Childhood Obesity

The Mayor of London Boris Johnson has welcomed the findings of a new report tackling obesity in kids in both London and New York. The report "A Tale of Two ObesCities' was compiled by the London Metropolitan University and City University of New York. It was launched today at a City Hall seminar discussing flab fighting initiatives used in both cities. In both London and New York City, childhood obesity rates are higher than in the United Kingdom and the United States as a whole. The report found that London and New York experience common challenges - both cities have highly mobile populations, child poverty and overcrowding .Recommendations included promoting activities like walking and cycling and building active design principles into building codes, and housing plans. Key findings include: - Nearly 23 per cent of London's four years olds are obese, rising to 36.3 per cent by the age of eleven. -In New York 40 per cent of kids of a similar age are obese. -In both cities obesity rates are higher in boys than in girls.

Medical Therapy Delivered By Primary Care Doctors Is Successful In Severe Obesity

Despite a general belief among physicians that extreme obesity is too difficult to treat, except with bariatric surgery, researchers at the Pennington Biomedical Research Center have learned a substantial proportion of individuals with extreme obesity can lose 10-percent or more of their body weight through medical treatment that does not include surgery. Furthermore, even though those individuals are still obese, they have improvements in risk factors and other health markers. "This is important, because surgery is not often affordable or reimbursed by insurance, " said leading scientist Dr. Donna Ryan. "In fact, many medical treatments are frequently not reimbursed by insurance if they are for obesity. So this research is needed to show that primary care doctors are capable of helping obese patients lose weight to improve health, even those with extreme obesity. " Ryan said losing only five-percent of body weight can reap healthy benefits for the extremely obese, and nearly 61-percent of those in her clinical trial achieved that.

Childhood Obesity Alone May Increase Risk Of Later Cardiovascular Disease

By as early as 7 years of age, being obese may raise a child's risk of future heart disease and stroke, even in the absence of other cardiovascular risk factors such as high blood pressure, according to a new study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism (JCEM). "This new study demonstrates that the unhealthy consequences of excess body fat start very early, " said Nelly Mauras, MD, of Nemours Children's Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida and senior author of the study. "Our study shows that obesity alone is linked to certain abnormalities in the blood that can predispose individuals to developing cardiovascular disease early in adulthood. These findings suggest that we need more aggressive interventions for weight control in obese children, even those who do not have the co-morbidities of the metabolic syndrome." The metabolic syndrome is a cluster of risk factors that raise the risk of developing heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

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