Health and Fitness

American Association Of Clinical Endocrinologists Applauds First Lady Michelle Obama's Crusade Against Obesity

The American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) welcomes and applauds the effort of First Lady Michelle Obama, who announced a new campaign to combat childhood obesity today. AACE and the American College of Endocrinology (ACE), have initiated a number of programs and activities that will compliment her efforts. "First Lady Obama's actions will also help to increase public awareness about the College's efforts, " AACE President Dr. Jeffrey R. Garber said. ACE is the scientific arm of the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE), whose members specialize in endocrinology, diabetes, and metabolism. An integral component in the ACE effort to combat obesity centers on the Power of Prevention® , a health awareness program designed to give people the best information on preventing endocrine and metabolic disorders through proper nutrition and physical activity. A cornerstone of this program is the Power of Prevention® magazine; a 32-page, quarterly publication covering a variety of endocrine topics such as diabetes, thyroid dysfunction and obesity.

The Focus Of Childhood Obesity Study Is The Use Of Food To Sooth Infants

Both genetics and parents who comfort their infants with food are the focus of a study funded for $1 million by the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestion and Kidney Disease investigating risk factors for childhood obesity. The grant is part of the National Institutes of Health American Recovery and Reinvestment Act funding. "When the infant cries, parents typically have a set of soothing techniques they'll use to comfort their child -- if one doesn't work, they move to the next -- and somewhere on that list is feeding, " said Cynthia Stifter, professor of human development and family studies and principal investigator on the project. "It may be, with some children, that using food as a means of soothing distress promotes the association of food with emotional comfort, a characteristic of emotional eaters that is associated with adult obesity." One goal of Stifter's study is to provide a detailed description of how and when parents use feeding to soothe infants and its relation to weight gain in infancy.

Risk Of Preterm Birth Influenced By Pre-Pregnancy, Obesity And Gestational Weight Gain

Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine's (BUSM) Slone Epidemiology Center and Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) have found that pre-pregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain are associated with an increased risk of preterm birth in African American participants from the Black Women's Health Study. This study currently appears on-line in Epidemiology. A baby born at less than 37 weeks of gestation is considered preterm. This occurs more often among black women than white women and is a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality in the United States. Obesity is associated with intrauterine infections, systematic inflammation, dyslipidemia, and hyperinsulinemia, all of which may increase the risk of preterm birth. In order to investigate the relations of preterm birth with prepregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain, the BUSM researchers used data from the Slone Epidemiology Center's Black Women's Health Study. They compared mothers of more than 1, 000 infants born three or more weeks early with mothers of more than 7, 000 full-term infants.

Adolescent Bariatric Surgery Center Passes Surgical Milestone

Few treatments are available to help obese adolescents who are unable to lose weight and are already suffering from obesity-related health problems. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), an option for adults in the United States since 2001, is showing promise for teens. The Center for Adolescent Bariatric Surgery, which opened at NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital in 2006, recently performed its 100th LAGB procedure. "Adolescent obesity continues to be under-treated, " says Dr. Charles J.H. Stolar, surgeon-in-chief at NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital and chief of the Division of Pediatric Surgery, and the Rudolph N. Schullinger Professor of Surgery at Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons. "We know that obese 14- to 18-year-olds are at risk for significant and even fatal conditions as they grow older. In cases where medical therapy doesn't work, surgery is an effective treatment option." "Our program prefers to perform LAGB rather than other types of bariatric surgery because this technique has been shown to be the safest and least traumatic, " says Dr.

GI Dynamics' EndoBarrier trade; Gastrointestinal Liner To Be Highlighted At Upcoming Cleveland Clinic Conference

GI Dynamics, a leader in non-surgical, endoscopic treatments for type 2 diabetes and obesity, announced that its EndoBarrier™ Gastrointestinal Liner and EndoBarrier Flow Restrictor will be highlighted by Alex Escalona, M.D., Department of Digestive Surgery, Pontificia Universidad CatГ lica de Chile, Santiago, Chile at the Cleveland Clinic Florida's Ninth Annual Surgery of the Foregut Symposium and Endoscopic Natural Orifice Surgery (NOTES) Day taking place February 14-17, 2010 at the Biltmore Hotel in Coral Gables, Florida. "I look forward to presenting clinical study information for the EndoBarrier, a compelling, emerging endoscopic technology, to my colleagues in the endoscopy and bariatric surgery fields during NOTES Day at the Surgery of the Foregut Symposium, " commented Dr. Escalona. "This symposium provides an excellent opportunity to share my own clinical experience with the EndoBarrier, as well as additional safety and efficacy data from clinical trials conducted to date, as a promising non-surgical treatment option for patients suffering from type 2 diabetes and obesity.

Obamas Launch National Effort To Tackle Childhood Obesity

With the declared goal of curbing childhood obesity within a generation, First Lady Michelle Obama kicked off a major initiative on Tuesday to bring down the nation's alarming rates of obesity among children and youth. The White House-endorsed "Let's Move" campaign takes a comprehensive approach to engage partners such as food companies, media and entertainment firms, professional athletes, federal agencies, and health professional societies in taking steps to promote healthy food choices and active lifestyles. The Institute of Medicine has provided an evidentiary foundation on childhood nutrition and prevention of childhood obesity to help guide policymakers and others in tackling this important issue. A series of IOM studies and reports underscore the overall conclusion that preventing childhood obesity requires a multifaceted effort that involves multiple responsible parties -- health care providers, parents, schools, government officials at all levels, media and entertainment companies, and the food and beverage industries -- working in concert to be successful.

Impairment Of Self-Control In Type 2 Diabetics

Type-2 diabetes, an increasingly common complication of obesity, is associated with poor impulse control. Researchers writing in BioMed Central's open access journal BioPsychoSocial Medicine suggest that neurological changes result in this inability to resist temptation, which may in turn exacerbate diabetes. Hiroaki Kumano, from Waseda University, Japan, worked with a team of researchers to assess response inhibition, a measure of self-control, in 27 patients with type-2 diabetes and 27 healthy controls. He said, "Patients with type 2 diabetes are required to make strict daily decisions; for example, they should resist the temptation of high-fat, high-calorie food, which is frequently cued by specific people, places and events. Appropriate behavior modification thus depends on the patient's ability to inhibit impulsive thoughts and actions cued by these environmental stimuli". In order to gauge the patients' ability to resist such impulsive behavior, the researchers used a test in which participants had to quickly press a button in response to the correct signal on a computer screen, while pressing the button in response to the wrong symbol counted against their score.

Invest In School Nurses To Tackle Obesity, UK

Commenting on NHS Information Centre statistics indicating the number of people in England having obesity surgery has risen by 55% in the last year, Dr Peter Carter, Chief Executive & General Secretary of the Royal College of Nursing (RCN), said: "It is deeply concerning that obesity continues to be a significant threat to the long and short-term health of over 60 per cent of adults, and a quarter of children, who are overweight or obese. "Obesity is everyone's business - reducing the level of obesity can only be achieved by a fully collaborative approach, with Government departments working together. As we approach the general election, the RCN is calling on all political parties to commit to protecting the nation's health by tackling the root causes of ill health. "Investment in school nurses and health visitors will help put children on the right track at an early age, which is crucial in turning around the obesity crisis. As we enter a future of financial constraint in the NHS, it is even more important for sustained investment to be made to reduce the incidence of obesity.

Maternal Obesity Puts A Load On Her Offspring That Lasts A Lifetime

Duke researchers report in the FASEB Journal that maternal obesity dramatically increases the risk of diseases related to inflammation gone awry: heart disease, stroke and more As if there are not enough reasons for obese people to lose weight, a new research report published online in The FASEB Journal, adds several more. In a study involving rats, researchers from Duke University found that obesity in mothers causes cellular programming in utero that predisposes offspring to inflammation-related disorders (such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, type 2 diabetes, stroke, heart disease, and more) from the day that they are born, regardless of whether or not the offspring are obese themselves. "We hope these data will eventually lead to treatments for obesity-associated problems, by the identification of novel targets within the immune system, " said Staci D. Bilbo, Ph.D., co-author of the study, from the Department of Psychology and Neuroscience at Duke University in Durham, N.

President Of American Academy Of Pediatrics Joins First Lady Michelle Obama In Commitment To Reduce Childhood Obesity

Judith S. Palfrey, MD, FAAP, President of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), joined First Lady of the United States Michelle Obama at an event today to unveil the White House's "Let's Move! " campaign to address childhood obesity. The AAP, which represents 60, 000 pediatricians, is committed to eliminating the epidemic of childhood obesity in the United States, and commends First Lady Michelle Obama for drawing national attention to this staggering health burden on our nation's youth. The four pillars of the First Lady's "Let's Move! " campaign- expanding efforts to make schools healthy environments for all children, increasing children's physical activity, improving the affordability and accessibility of foods, and empowering consumers to make healthier choices- support proven early interventions that the AAP recommends to help keep children healthy. "We face a medical and moral imperative to rescue our children's health, " Dr. Palfrey said during today's event. "Over the past twenty years, our nation has seen an alarming rise in the number of our children who are overweight and obese.

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