Eating Disorder Hope, A New One-Stop Resource For Everything About Eating Disorders, Seeks To End Eating Disordered Behavior
Millions of Americans suffer from eating disorders and many don't know where to turn to for help. Jacquelyn Ekern, a licensed counselor and founder of Eating Disorder Hope, launched the site, http://www.eatingdisorderhope.com, to provide a comprehensive resource for support, referrals and education about eating disorders. "My past battle with and recovery from an eating disorder fueled my passion to help others, " said Ekern. "My goal is to become a global resource for help and healing in eating disorder treatment. My advice for individuals with eating disorders is to get help because these disorders rarely resolve themselves. Finding professionals specialized in the field is key to successful recovery." Eating Disorder Hope offers information and resources to those suffering from eating disorders, their treatment providers and loved ones by providing articles, book suggestions, a virtual library, inspirational recovery stories, relapse prevention and recovery tools. "I wish Eating Disorder Hope existed when I was struggling with an eating disorder, " said Jenni Schaefer, author of Life Without Ed: How One Woman Declared Independence from Her Eating Disorder and How You Can Too.
The Renfrew Center, the country's leading authority on eating disorder treatment and research, recently announced the expansion of its services into Central America through a partnership with the Guatemala-based AKASA treatment center. The first center in Central America exclusively dedicated to the treatment of women with eating disorders, AKASA now operates as an independent affiliate of The Renfrew Center. For many years, The Renfrew Center has been training eating disorders professionals from around the world, but this partnership takes the organization's expertise in eating disorders treatment into another country for the first time. By doing so, it offers patients outside the U.S. a new opportunity for direct access to services critical to long-term recovery. "Many women from Central America receive treatment at The Renfrew Center, but unfortunately, until now there has been no resource for intensive follow-up work once they return home, " said Samuel E. Menaged, JD, President and CEO of The Renfrew Centers.
The Priory Group, Europe's leading provider of acute mental health services, believes increased stresses on young Scots are linked to a rise in eating disorders in both men and women. There has been a rise in Scotland in the number of patients being seen by the Priory Group for treatment for an eating disorder. The Priory's experts believe cultural and lifestyle pressures to have 'the perfect body' are resulting in an increase in the number of young women with anorexia nervosa and bulimia and a particular increase in the number of young men coming forward for treatment. Dr Alex Yellowlees, Medical Director of the Priory Hospital Glasgow, says an increase is strongly connected to the idealisation of thinness in our society and the intense cultural pressure to strive after the 'perfect body'. Men are also beginning to adopt the cultural beliefs about thinness and body shape previously held by women alone and are therefore beginning to use eating disorder behaviours such as extreme dieting, obsessive over exercising, self-induced vomiting, and taking diet pills and laxatives to try to lose weight.
Scientists led a rat to the fatty food, but they couldn't make it eat. Using an animal model of binge eating, University of Missouri researchers discovered that deactivating the basolateral amygdala, a brain region involved in regulating emotion, specifically blocked consumption of a fatty diet. Surprisingly, it had no effect on the rat wanting to look for the food repeatedly. "It appears that two different brain circuits control the motivation to seek and consume, " said Matthew Will, assistant professor of psychological sciences in the MU College of Arts and Science and investigator in the Christopher S. Bond Life Sciences Center. "Understanding how this circuit in the brain works may provide insight into the exact networks and chemicals in our brain that determine the factors influencing our feeding habits." The release of opioids, pleasure chemicals that can lead to euphoria, into the brain produces binge eating in non-hungry rats. Will and his team of researchers determined that deactivating the basolateral amygdala blocked this type of binge eating.
By raising levels of self-confidence and motivation for change adventure therapy is a valuable tool in the treatment of women with eating disorders. This is the finding of research by Dr Kaye Richards and colleagues which will be presented today, Friday 11 September 2009, at the 5th International Adventure Therapy Conference. The event, hosted by the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP), is taking place from 7-11 September at Pollock Halls, The University of Edinburgh. The research examined practical ways of working therapeutically outdoors with women who suffer from eating disorders. It also assessed the extent to which participants taking part in an adventure therapy intervention benefited psychologically from the process. After completing the intervention most participants showed evidence of increased motivation for change, sustained rejection of negative behaviours and thinking patterns related to eating, more positive attitudes to body image, and greater self-confidence and self-awareness.
Although most people with bulimia and binge eating disorders wait many years before seeking help, a new review shows that psychological treatment can make a large difference and that cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most effective talk therapy for these disorders. People with bulimia experience cycles of disordered eating behavior in which they overeat and then purge, often by self-induced vomiting or taking laxatives. Binge eating disorder includes bouts of overeating, but without purging, and researchers have linked it to obesity. Eating disorders are most common in women, with bulimia affecting about 1 percent of women and binge eating disorder affecting 2 percent to 5 percent. Although bulimia rates appear stable, binge eating disorder increasingly is becoming common. The review included 48 studies with 3, 054 participants and strengthened earlier findings in favor of cognitive behavioral therapy. It found that 37 percent of people completely stopped binge eating when given CBT focused on binging while 3 percent of those assigned to a waiting list control group quit.
A German study published in the fifth issue of Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics compares the differences between inpatient and day treatment of bulimia nervosa. The Authors reported in detail on the design and 3-month outcome in a previous article and present the results of the 12-month follow-up in this letter. Fifty-five of 204 patients screened at an outpatient clinic fulfilled the inclusion criteria, gave informed consent and could be randomized. Twenty-one percent were lost before admission. Finally, 22 patients could be treated in the day clinic and 21 in the inpatient group. The treatments represent common multimodal inpatient and day clinic programs in Germany, integrating psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral and systemic components. Medication (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor) was given when needed. Treatment length was about 12 weeks of inpatient or day clinic treatment, with some flexibility. Before treatment, at discharge as well as at 3- and 12-month follow-up, eating behavior and general psychopathology was assessed by the EDI-2, the expert rating form of the SIAB-EX and the SCL-90-R.
Existing research shows that rates of binge eating among adult women is virtually identical across race. However, among college age women, it's a different story: Caucasian women are more apt to exhibit binge eating behaviors than African American women, according to a study presented at this month's annual scientific meeting of the Obesity Society. "We are trying to figure out when the diet trajectory changes, and when it is that African-Americans start to exhibit these behaviors. It's important to look at the eating habits of this group as they may contribute to early onset weight gain and obesity, " said Melissa Napolitano, clinical psychologist at the Center for Obesity Research and Education and associate professor of kinesiology in the College of Health Professions. In the study, 715 female college students completed an on-line survey about health habits, behaviors and attitudes. Each woman self-reported her height and weight. Answers were then compared to the Eating Disorder Diagnostic Scale, a questionnaire that is used to diagnose a variety of eating disorders, and the Binge Eating Scale, to gauge the severity of binge eating symptoms.
An important new discover challenges the rife insight that bulimia primarily affects privileged, white teenagers such as "Gossip Girl" character Blair Waldorf, who battled bulimia on the show earlier this season. Rather, girls who are African American are 50 percent another likely than girls who are bleached to be bulimic, the researchers found, and girls from families in the lowest income bracket studied are 153 percent added likely to be bulimic than girls from the highest resources bracket. "As it turns out, we learned something surprising from our info approximately who bulimia actually affects, not honorable who is diagnosed, " says USC economist Michelle Goeree. Using data from a 10-year survey of also than 2, 300 girls in schools in California, Ohio and Washington, D.C., Goeree and fellow economists John Ham (University of Maryland) and Daniela Iorio (Universitat de Autonoma Barcelona, Spain) sought to uncover a more accurate picture of bulimia among fresh girls. Alpha at day nine or 10, participants were surveyed annually about eating habits and affiliated psychological issues such as body dead ringer and depression.
The Huntercombe Group, one of the UK's largest independent providers of specialist healthcare, nowadays announces the world's largest international conference on eating disorders with speakers attending from 35 countries around the world presenting the virgin developments and research findings in the field. The annual conference, organized by creation renowned eating disorders specialists Professor Bryan Lask and Dr Rachel Bryant-Waugh and sponsored by Huntercombe, testament take place on 31 March - 2nd Apr 2009 at The Institute of Education, University of London. The event, which is organised in company with the British Ledger of Hospital Medicine, will provide a forum for learning and erudition exchange with workshops and presentations by top professionals in the field. It will besides feature a wide range of papers detailing the contemporary developments in the understanding of causes, assessment and treatment of eating disorders. This year, attention will headquarters on a neuroscience plenary session revealing the front findings of a global collaboration studying the function of the brain in anorexia nervosa.