Health and Fitness

Remuda Ranch Programs For Eating And Anxiety Disorders Reports Need For Increasing Awareness Of Eating Disorders In Males

As many as five to ten million males in the U.S. struggle quietly with an eating disorder because they're ashamed to admit they have the illness, reports Remuda Ranch Programs for Eating and Anxiety Disorders. Healthcare professionals, family members and close friends often are unaware of the high-risk behaviors in males that may signify an eating disorder. Therefore, effective intervention is often not available to the male population. "It is a reality that boys and men do have eating disorders and ignoring the problem may only allow it to get to a life threatening state, " said Sam Lample, therapist and assistant clinical director of ReddStone, A Remuda Program for Boys. "Early and proper diagnosis from healthcare providers could be a powerful force in preventing male eating disorders from becoming as common as they have become in females." ReddStone is an inpatient program that treats boys 17 and under who are struggling with anorexia, bulimia and binge-eating disorder. It follows the Remuda Model of Treatment that is based on a bio-psycho-social-spiritual framework.

New Plans To Improve Eating Disorder Services In Wales

Two new specialist teams will be set up to improve diagnosis, care and support for people with eating disorders in Wales, Health Minister Edwina Hart officially announced. The new teams - for North Wales and South Wales - will comprise of specialist clinicians and work closely with existing services such as GPs surgeries, social services, child and adolescent mental health services and community mental health teams. Additional funding has been allocated to deliver this plan. В 0.5 million will be available this year for the recruitment of additional staff and extra training. After that, В 1 million will be available every year to sustain and develop services. The plans, developed in consultation with health professionals and patients, will: - simplify access to specialist eating disorder services by providing a single point of entry and standardising criteria for referral to other services; - enhance joint working by staff and services to tailor support to individuals living with eating disorders;

Psychologists Investigate Cognitive Failings Of Eating Disorder Sufferers

Sufferers of eating disorders have problems with certain mental tasks; this is the finding of a comprehensive overview of studies examining the link between cognitive deficits and eating disorders, published online in the Journal of Neuropsychology today, 22nd July 2009. Professor Konstantine Zakzanis from the University of Toronto carried out an analysis of 27 studies that investigated the thinking of 608 anorexia nervosa sufferers, and 14 studies of 347 bulimia nervosa patients to look for consistent patterns in cognitive deficits. Professor Zakzanis said: "Over the last 30 years, many psychological studies have tested people with anorexia or bulimia on tasks such as decision making, verbal memory and reaction times and have found that people with eating disorders perform worse than people who don't have an eating disorder. "In this overview we found consistent results that people with anorexia and bulimia have significant problems with some cognitive processes, and as sufferers' body mass decreased, the severity of their cognitive impairments increased.

Review Provides New Insights Into The Causes Of Anorexia

New imaging technology provides insight into abnormalities in the brain circuitry of patients with anorexia nervosa (commonly known as anorexia) that may contribute to the puzzling symptoms found in people with the eating disorder. In a review paper published on line in Nature Reviews Neuroscience, Walter Kaye, MD, professor of psychiatry and director of the Eating Disorders Program at the University of California, San Diego, and colleagues describe dysfunction in certain neural circuits of the brain which may help explain why people develop anorexia in the first place, and behaviors such as the relentless pursuit of dieting and weight loss. "Currently, we don't have very effective means of treating people with anorexia, " said Kaye. "Consequently, many patients with the disorder remain ill for years or eventually die from the disease, which has the highest death rate of any psychiatric disorder." A better understanding of the underlying neurobiology how behavior is coded in the brain and contributes to anorexia is likely to result in more effective treatments, according to the researchers.

New Research Finds That Bingeing Increases Opioids In Brain Area That Controls Food Intake

Overconsumption of fatty, sugary foods leads to changes in brain receptors, according to new animal research at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. The new research results are being presented at the 2009 annual meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior (SSIB), July 28 - August 1, 2009, the foremost society for research into all aspects of eating and drinking behavior. The results have implications for understanding bulimia and other binge eating disorders. Dr. Bello and colleagues report that either continuous eating or binge eating a high fat, high sugar diet alters opioid receptor levels in an area of the brain that controls food intake. Opioids are a family of chemicals with actions similar to those of morphine; however, opioids exist naturally in the brain and have been linked to feelings of pleasure and euphoria. "These results are interesting because we saw changes in opioid receptor gene expression in a brain area that controls how much we eat during a meal", said Bello.

Dieters Can Experience Neurobiological Similarities Of Drug Addicts And Alcoholics

Researchers from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have shown that intermittent access to foods rich in fat and sugar induces changes in the brain which are comparable to those observed in drug dependence. The findings, reported in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, may explain how abstinence from these foods contributes to relapse eating among dieters as well as related eating disorders. Forms of obesity and eating disorders can be defined as chronic relapsing conditions with alternating periods of abstinence (dieting to avoid "forbidden" foods-rich in sugar and fat also known as palatable foods) and relapse (compulsive, often uncontrollable, eating of highly-palatable foods) that continue despite negative consequences. Although the positive reinforcing properties of palatable foods are well known, less attention has been given to the increased probability of a behavioral response produced by removal of an aversive stimulus (intake of palatable food to relieve negative emotional states).

Risk Factors Of Disordered Eating In Overweight Youth Identified By U Of M Study

University of Minnesota Project Eating Among Teens (EAT) researchers have identified factors that may increase overweight adolescents' risk of engaging in extreme weight control behaviors such as self-induced vomiting, the use of diet pills, laxatives, and diuretics, as well as binge eating. Overweight youth with certain socio-environmental, psychological, and behavioral tendencies, such as reading magazine articles about dieting, reporting a lack of family connectedness, placing a high importance on weight, and reporting having participated in unhealthy weight control behaviors, are more likely to suffer from eating disorders. Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Ph.D., M.P.H., R.D., School of Public Health, and colleagues used data from Project EAT, an ongoing study that assessed eating and weight-related behaviors in 4, 746 adolescents from 31 urban Minneapolis-St. Paul schools during the 1998-99 academic year. Youth were surveyed at two time points; the first occurring when participants were in middle school and high school, and the second occurring five years later.

Why Anorexic Patients Cling To Their Eating Disorder

Anorexic patients drastically reduce food intake and are often not capable of changing their behavior. This can lead to life-threatening weight loss. Using MRI technology, scientists at Heidelberg University Hospital have discovered for the first time processes in brain metabolism that explain this disturbed eating behavior. The research work of the Department of Psychosomatic and General Internal Medicine at Heidelberg University Hospital (Medical Director: Professor Dr. Wolfgang Herzog) arose in cooperation with the Heidelberg University Hospitals of General Psychiatry and Neurology. The results of the study were published in the prestigious American Journal of Psychiatry in June 2009. Changes in brain activation associated with rigid behavior Many young girls and women go on diets to achieve their ideal figure. Less than one percent of the population is affected by life-threatening anorexia. Despite intensive treatment, the course of the disorder is severe and chronic in 20 to 30 percent of the cases and about 10 percent of the patients die of the disease.

Stomach Pacemakers Help Kids Keep Food Down - Implanted Device Uses Electronic Stimulators To Regulate Digestion

Sixteen year-old Emma Geiger has passed a lot of time in hospital waiting rooms. For years, doctors called her back time and again, trying to figure out why she got sick, nearly every time she ate. It got so bad, Emma was forced to leave high school and take classes online. "I mean every day, I'd call my dad up at work and say, 'Oh, I only threw up 7 times today' - and that was, like, an accomplishment, " says Emma. Then Emma came to Nationwide Children's Hospital in Columbus, Ohio - where doctors told her the answer to her stomach problems might be a pacemaker surgically implanted under the skin with electrical wires leading to her stomach. It's a high tech device with one simple function. "It tells the stomach that it needs to empty and it does that at a certain frequency that we set. Enough to get the stomach to empty to get rid of the symptoms, " says Steven Teich, MD of Nationwide Children's. For more than a million people* like Emma, eating is a challenge. Most of us process the food we eat in a matter of minutes.

Tips To Stop Emotional Eating Because Food Doesn't Fix Stress

For emotional eaters, food is a best friend, there to boost sprits, calm stress and alleviate boredom. But according to the August issue of Mayo Clinic Women's HealthSource, emotional eating often leads to eating too much, especially high-calorie, sweet, salty and fatty foods. Women are especially prone to emotional eating -- and then feel guiltier and less healthy than men do after snacking on "forbidden" foods. The connection between stress and eating likely has roots in brain chemistry. Faced with a real threat, the fight-or-flight reaction kicks in and suppresses appetite temporarily. But when faced with persistent stress -- health problems, difficult relationships or too much work -- many people turn to high-fat, high-calorie foods for comfort. Using food as a coping strategy doesn't alleviate stress and will likely cause weight gain. Mayo Clinic Women's HealthSource offers these suggestions to understand and overcome emotional eating: -- Learn to recognize true hunger: A craving for chips or cookies soon after a meal is likely an emotional hunger, not real hunger.

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