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Prognosis Of Patients With Heart Failure Can Be Independently Predicted By Urinary Albumin To Creatine Ratio

The ratio of albumin to creatine in a person's urine is a powerful and independent predictor of prognosis of heart failure, concludes an Article in this week's issue of The Lancet. The Article is written by Professor John J V McMurray, British Heart Foundation Cardiovascular Research Centre, University of Glasgow, UK, and colleagues. Increased excretion of albumin in urine is an established risk factor for mortality, cardiovascular events, and kidney disease in the general population, and in patients with diabetes, high blood pressure, and other types of cardiovascular disease. In this study, the authors aimed to assess the prognostic value of a spot urinary albumin to creatine ratio (UACR) in patients with heart failure, using date from the Candersartan in Heart failure: Assessment of Reduction in Mortality and morbidity (CHARM) Programme.

Calls To Study Health Benefits Of Nitrate, Nitrite

A Michigan State University researcher is challenging health standards that consider nitrates and nitrites in food to be harmful. Norman Hord's research suggests that although there are negative health effects associated with the use of nitrogen-based fertilizers and excessive nitrates in groundwater, nitrates and nitrites -- as they occur in plants -- may actually provide health benefits. Nitrate and nitrite are naturally occurring ions associated with the nitrogen cycle in soil and water. They are regulated in water and certain foods by the Environmental Protection Agency and the Food and Drug Administration because they have been associated with gastrointestinal cancer, blood disorders in infants and other health problems.

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Mount Sinai First In U.S. To Perform Non-Surgical Technique That Eliminates A Major Underlying Cause For Heart-Related Stroke

Physicians at The Mount Sinai Medical Center were the first in the country to perform a non-surgical procedure using sutures to tie off a left atrial appendage (LAA), which is the source of blood clots leading to stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AFib). AFib is the most common sustained heart-rhythm disorder in the United States. The procedure was performed Wednesday by Vivek Y. Reddy, MD, Professor of Medicine and Director of the Cardiac Arrhythmia Service at Mount Sinai Heart, and his colleague, Srinivas R. Dukkipati, MD, Director of Mount Sinai's Experimental Electrophysiology Laboratory. With the patient under general anesthesia, the physicians guided two catheters into the patient's heart to seal the LAA with a pre-tied suture loop.

Vascular Risk Assessment Resources Produced For NPA Members, UK

The NPA has produced a guide to setting up a community pharmacy vascular risk assessment service and a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for vascular risk assessment. The NPA SOP "Vascular Risk Assessment" covers the measurement and assessment of cardiovascular risk factors in adults without previously diagnosed diabetes, existing cardiovascular disease (CVD), or lipid disorders. The "NPA guide to setting up a Community Pharmacy Vascular Risk Assessment Service" provides information on all aspects of a vascular risk assessment service, these include: - Staff - Premises - Equipment - Evaluation and audit - Record Keeping - Confidentiality - Clinical governance - Health and safety - Waste - Communication - Marketing The guide also includes a template letter to GPs and other local providers to let them know about the community pharmacy service.

Cardiac Arrhythmias May Be Responsible For Sudden Death In People With High Cholesterol

Cholesterol can affect the flow of the electrical currents that generate the heart beat, according to a study from two UBC cardiovascular researchers funded by the Heart and Stroke Foundation of BC & Yukon. The research team has just published the important discovery about the causes of cardiac arrhythmias (abnormal heartbeats) in one of the world's leading scientific journals. Together with a group from Paris, France, UBC researchers David Fedida and Jodene Eldstrom found that too much cholesterol can affect the electrical currents, perhaps causing the heart to start beating out of rhythm or even stop beating. In contrast, reducing the cholesterol normalized the structures underlying the electrical activity, thus promoting a regular and healthy heartbeat.

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Heart Charity Announces UK-Wide Drive To Reduce Heart Disease 'Postcode Lottery'

The British Heart Foundation (BHF) today revealed the sites for an innovative 9 million UK-wide drive to reduce the country's heart health 'postcode lottery', working alongside the NHS and local authorities for the first time. At present, people living in one postcode can be five times as likely to die from coronary heart disease than those living in a postcode just half a mile away.(1) The Hearty Lives programme will trial a range of innovative approaches to tackling heart disease in areas of deprivation, working with communities most at risk. The larger 1.5 million programmes will take place in Hull, Torfaen, Newham and Dundee, and smaller ones will also take place in Ayrshire and Arran, Fife, Bristol, Birmingham, Cookstown, Fenland, Bolsover, Hastings, Blaenau Gwent and Rochdale.

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