Medical articles today

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Ethical Issues in Drug Trials and IRBs

Clinical drug trials are full of ethical issues. In most cases, these trials involve experimentation on a population of humans. The subjects are divided into groups - each group will receive a treatment or in some cases they may be given a placebo. The drug trial tries to determine how the treatments impact the human subjects and whether or not the drug will help humans. Clearly, any time humans are involved in medical research, there are a number of ethical issues at stake. There are a few issues that have become unique to the 21st Century. Currently, the World Health Organization (WHO) works to keep trials transparent and ensures the results are published in clinical registries.

Dams and Sandbags - Which Medicine Costs More?

The more I research conditions like high blood pressure, stress, anxiety and even gout and hemorrhoids, the more I discover that the medications that are available for treatment are targeted at controlling a condition rather than curing it. Nobody, except the sufferer of course, seems to be interested in addressing the cause of these conditions but rather focus on eliminating the symptoms. Is that really healing? Imagine for a moment a valley floor that is beautiful and lush with a small river running down the middle. A number of homes have been built along the banks of the river because it is so beautiful. At the far end of the valley is a dam.

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Yale Surgeons Remove Gallbladder Vaginally; Doctors And Patients Available To Speak On Minimally-Invasive Surgical Trend

In the first surgery of its kind in Connecticut, and among the first in New England, surgeons at Yale School of Medicine and Yale-New Haven Hospital successfully removed the gallbladder of a 21-year-old woman through her vagina. This operation joins the first wave of transvaginal organ removals to be performed in the U.S. and around the world, forerunners in a small but steadily growing trend toward minimally-invasive, no-scar surgery. The Yale surgical team made two incisions: one in the top of the vagina, and a second very small one hidden in the woman's navel. The surgery took less than an hour-and-a-half and the patient went home three hours later.

Are There Alternatives to the Swine Flu Vaccine?

The latest outbreak of H1N1 viral influenza commonly referred to as swine flu or Mexican flu hit the world in the early part of 2009. Although the current outbreak was termed Novel Influenza A' in the US, previous smaller outbreaks have occurred in Europe and elsewhere. Because of the frequently recurring avian flu outbreaks over the past few years, both the WHO and most countries were better prepared to control the swine flu outbreak. Unlike the avian flu virus, there has been no record of transmission of this flu virus from animals / birds to humans and it is safe to eat cooked pork products. So far the infection has spread only between humans, but there is always the risk that the virus will mutate and eventually transmit between different species.

TransEnterix Announces Positive First-in-Man Results With New Laparoscopic Surgical Platform

Officials with TransEnterix announce that surgeons from the United States and Paraguay have successfully performed first-in-man studies of its revolutionary single-incision, single-port, four-channel laparoscopic surgical platform called the SPIDER™ System. The SPIDER System - short for Single Port Instrument Delivery Extended Reach - allows surgeons to perform minimally invasive abdominal surgeries entirely through the umbilicus, leaving no visible scar. It's the first single-port system to offer surgeons true triangulation and other critical techniques common in multi-port laparoscopy. Fewer complications, faster full recovery, less post-surgical pain and an improved aesthetic result are potential benefits of single-port technology.

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Anesthesia Monitoring

Anesthesia means the medical condition of inducing sensation along with feelings of pain that is relieved for some time. It allows the patients to go through a surgery along with other procedures without pain and distress. Oliver Wendell Holmes created this word in 1846. Yet another definition for anesthesia is reversible lack of awareness. Anesthesia varies from analgesia in choking up all the sensation and not just pain. Patients undergoing anesthesia normally go through preoperative evaluation including gathering the history of former anesthesia and various medical problems, ordering required blood group, consultations before surgery, and physical examination.

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