Maney Publishing is pleased to announce the purchase of two quarterly journals from John Wiley & Sons, Ltd: Cochlear Implants International and Deafness & Education International, which together establish a decisive publishing commitment to the clinical treatment and education of the deaf. The acquisition also reflects Maney's continuing involvement and expertise in publishing for specialist societies and professional organisations. Deafness & Education International is the official publication of both the British Association for Teachers of the Deaf (BATOD) and the National Association of Australian Teachers of the Deaf (NAATD). Cochlear Implants International is endorsed by the British Cochlear Implants Group.
New research reveals that children with developmental dyslexia have a deficit in a brain mechanism involved in the perception of speech in a noisy environment. The study, published by Cell Press in the November 12 issue of the journal Neuron, provides the first direct evidence that the human auditory brainstem exhibits remarkable moment-to-moment plasticity and undergoes a fine tuning that is strongly associated with noise exclusion. Most people have little trouble carrying on a conversation with a friend in a noisy restaurant thanks to the highly adaptive auditory system which manages to focus in on the predictable, repeating pitch of the friend's voice and effectively tune out the random, fluctuating background noise.
Patients who exhibited a certain genetic mutation of anti-oxidant enzymes are three times more likely to develop age-related hearing loss (ARHL), according to new research presented at the 2009 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO-HNSF) Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in San Diego, CA. The study, which collected DNA samples from 55 patients with ARHL, indicated that there exists a significant correlation between the presence of a mutation of the GSTT1 gene, and age-related hearing loss. Conversely, there were no associations linked to the NAT2 gene. Anti-oxidant enzymes and their deficiencies have also been implicated as contributors to diseases such as cancer and cardiovascular disease.
Strides in improving the nation's air quality over the past ten years may be a factor in fewer cases of ear infections (otitis media) in children. These results are according to new research presented at the 2009 American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Foundation (AAO-HNSF) Annual Meeting & OTO EXPO, in San Diego, CA. The study, which used National Health Interview Survey data of 120, 060 children from 1997-2006, measured how many instances occurred in the previous year for three disease conditions: frequent otitis media (FOM, 3 or more ear infections in the previous 12 months), respiratory allergy, and seizure activity.
Research presented at Neuroscience 2009, the annual meeting of the Society for Neuroscience (SfN) and the world's largest source of emerging news about brain science and health, provide further insights into brain mechanisms, including those involved in music, social interaction, learning and memory. Specific research released: New findings indicate that musical training might enhance other auditory skills such as language acquisition and reading, and provides important diagnostic and treatment options for a number of hearing and language disorders. Scientists employ new light-activated circuits to explore how the brain functions in both normal and pathological situations.
Glue ear, also known as secretory otitis media, otitis media with effusion, or serous otitis media, causes a glue-like fluid to accumulate in the middle ear, which should be filled with air. Glue ear is a common cause of dulled hearing in young children. In the majority of cases symptoms resolve themselves in time without treatment being required. When symptoms persist the child will probably need some kind of therapy. Treatment in which a child blows up a balloon using their nose has been shown to help in a number of cases. Sometimes an operation is performed to clear the fluid and insert grommets if the condition persists. According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary, glue ear is "middle ear inflammation with thick mucoid effusion caused by long-standing eustachian tube obstruction.