When it comes to concussions, children and teens require different treatment, according to international experts who recently published consensus recommendations. The British Journal of Sports Medicine 's new guidelines say children and teens must be strictly monitored and activities restricted until fully healed. These restrictions include no return to the field of play, no return to school, and no cognitive activity. The new consensus is from the International Conference on Concussion in Sports. Children's pediatric concussion expert and neuropsychologist Gerard Gioia, PhD, participated in the panel, and played a key role in delineating the differences between children, adolescents and teens, and adult athletes.
An electrolyte is "any compound that, in solution or in molten form, conducts electricity and is decomposed (electrolyzed) by it. It is an ionizable substance in solution" (Medilexicon's medical dictionary ). An electrolyte is any substance that contains free ions that behaves as an electrically conductive medium (conducts electricity). All higher forms of life cannot exist without electrolytes, and that includes humans. In our bodies, electrolytes include sodium (Na + ), potassium (K + ), calcium (Ca 2+ ), bicarbonate (HCO 3 -, magnesium (Mg 2+ ), chloride (C1 - ), hydrogen phosphate (HPO 4 2- ), and hydrogen carbonate (HCO 3 - ).
British Medical Journal Group To Publish Themed Sports Medicine Editions Supported By International Olympic Committe
The scientific and medical publisher, BMJ Group, is to publish additional themed editions of the British Journal of Sports Medicine (BJSM), supported by the International Olympic Committee (IOC), it was announced today. The themed editions, which focus on injury prevention and health protection, will be launched in September 2009, with the first issue dedicated to sudden cardiac death in athletes. Subsequent editions will appear quarterly in print and online. As well as being distributed to all BJSM subscribers the Injury Prevention and Health Protection editions will be sent to all 205 National Olympic Committees as well as more than 35 major sports federations, including the Federation of International Football Associations (FIFA) and the International Amateur Athletics Federation (IAAF).
Race season is here again, and that means more first-timers on the marathon/triathlon circuit. Officials from some of the biggest marathons and triathlons in the country are reporting record numbers of participants, many of whom are first-time competitors. In Philadelphia, for example, around 23, 000 participated in the 10-mile Broad Street Run this year; ten years ago, there were about a third of that number. The reason behind these increased numbers could be the growing number of resources available to first-time runners. An industry of books, websites, "e-coaching" programs and DVDs all aimed at the beginning runner has grown over the past several years, all with the promise of helping a rookie achieve his or her best time.
The cardiovascular fitness level of cancer survivors is not affected by many standard cancer therapies, say researchers from Georgetown University Medical Cancer. That is the finding of a new observational study to be presented today at the American College of Sports Medicine in Seattle. "We know physical activity is a critical component of cancer survivorship, both during and after cancer treatment, " says Jennifer LeMoine, Ph.D., a post-doctoral research fellow with training in exercise physiology at GUMC's Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center. "In order to prescribe an exercise program, it's critical that we understand our patient's fitness level and whether or not treatment has had an impact on their cardiovascular health.
Athletes could be putting their lives at risk by doping themselves with powerful prescription drugs, a leading academic has warned. Professor Declan Naughton, Professor of Biomolecular Sciences at Kingston University in South West London, cautioned sportsmen and women against trying to improve their performance by taking drugs known as nitrites without clinical supervision. Speaking at a conference on drug-taking in sport, he warned that they could suffer a range of side effects from convulsions to coma, and could even kill themselves. Professor Naughton, who is based in the School of Life Sciences, is one of the scientists who first discovered the beneficial effects of nitrite.