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What Is Concussion? What Is Mild Traumatic Brain Injury MTBI ?

Concussion is also known as mild brain injury, mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), mild head injury and minor head trauma. Some experts define concussion as a head injury with temporary loss of brain function, which can cause cognitive, physical and emotional symptoms. Concussion may also be defined as an injury to the brain generally caused by a jolt or blow to the head - in the majority of cases the individual does not lose consciousness. According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary, concussion is "An injury of a soft structure, as the brain, resulting from a blow or violent shaking." In sports medicine the term concussion is commonly used, while in general medicine MTBI (mild traumatic brain injury) may be used as well.

Therapy Targets Emotional Eating

According to the latest thinking, eating healthily and taking more exercise are not enough by themselves to combat the nation's rising obesity levels. Instead we need a better understanding of the issues underpinning compulsive eating so that psychological help can be successfully targeted. This is an issue discussed in the July issue of Therapy Today, the official journal of the British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy (copies of the article are available on request). There are currently no Department of Health guidelines on offering psychological services to those suffering from eating disorders. Instead compulsive eaters are given information on food intake, and when that doesn't work there are pills to suppress appetite and, as a last resort, surgery.

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Knee Injuries May Start With Strain On The Brain, Not The Muscles

New research shows that training your brain may be just as effective as training your muscles in preventing ACL knee injuries, and suggests a shift from performance-based to prevention-based athletic training programs. The ACL, or anterior cruciate ligament, is one of the four major ligaments of the knee, and ACL injuries pose a rising public health problem as well as an economic strain on the medical system. University of Michigan researchers studying ACL injuries had subjects perform one-legged squats to fatigue, then tested the reactions to various jumping and movement commands. Researchers found that both legs - not just the fatigued leg - showed equally dangerous and potentially injurious responses, said Scott McLean, assistant professor with the U-M School of Kinesiology.

A 'Heart Healthy' Diet And Ongoing, Moderate Physical Activity May Protect Against Cognitive Decline

Eating a "heart healthy" diet and maintaining or increasing participation in moderate physical activity may help preserve our memory and thinking abilities as we age, according to new research reported today at the Alzheimer's Association 2009 International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease (ICAD 2009) in Vienna. "We can't do anything about aging or family history, but research continues to show us that there are lifestyle decisions we all can make to keep our brains healthier, and that also may lower our risk of memory decline as we age, " said William Thies, PhD, Chief Medical & Scientific Officer at the Alzheimer's Association. Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) Eating Pattern May Reduce Age-Related Cognitive Decline The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is often recommended by physicians to people with high blood pressure or pre-hypertension.

Risks Of Delaying Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction In Young Athletes May Be Too High, Study Shows

More and more children are participating and getting hurt playing sports each year. A new study presented at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's (AOSSM) Annual Meeting in Keystone, Colorado, (July 9-12) details the benefits and risks of repairing a torn anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in young athletes under the age of 14. "The risk of inducing a growth disturbance with early reconstruction of a torn ACL must be balanced against the risk of further knee damage by delaying treatment until closer to skeletal maturity. Our study measured the independent risk factors for and relative risk of meniscal and chondral injuries in pediatric ACL patients, " said author, Theodore J.

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New Courses Headline University Of Queensland Open Day, Australia

Three new programs within UQ's School of Human Movement Studies are bound to get the heart racing in 2010, and will be on show at this year's Open Day event. Potential students can choose from a Bachelor of Exercise and Sport Sciences, a Bachelor of Health, Sport and Physical Education and a Bachelor of Applied Science (Exercise and Nutrition Sciences). The Exercise and Nutrition Sciences is a three-year degree, while the other two programs span four years full-time professional preparation. Graduates will have the flexibility to pursue jobs within government, health and physical education, sporting teams, exercise physiology, private practice and rehabilitation clinics, to name a few.

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