Scientists from Norway and Italy have found scarecely any signs of superbugs in feces dropped by polar bears in the Arctic, and suggest that since these animals have little or no contact with humans, the spread of bacterial genes resistant to antibiotics could be due to our influence. These are the findings of a study published in the 14 January issue of the peer-reviewed open access journal BMC Microbiology performed by researchers from the University of Tromsø and the Norwegian Polar Institute, both in Norway, and the Free University of Bozen/Bolzano, in Italy. Drug resistant bacteria such as MRSA, methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus, are a growing problem in hospitals and care facilities, and we don't know enough about how they evolved.
A Year After Outbreak Of Contaminated Peanut Products, Congress Has Yet To Pass Food-Safety Legislation
Victims and families of those who were sickened and in some cases died due to an early 2009 foodborne-illness outbreak are calling on congressional lawmakers to keep their promise to implement food-safety reform. The group representing 27 victims who fell ill as a result of contaminated peanut products is seeking a Senate floor vote on legislation that would boost the food-safety authority under the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and help limit future outbreaks. "Americans cannot afford to wait for another outbreak for Congress to pass food safety legislation that protects families from facing the same hardships we have faced, " said Jill Summers, the mother of Makayla Stephens, a victim from Quapaw, Oklahoma.
The ASCO Cancer Foundation Awards 25,000 To Young Researchers For Important Contributions To Gastrointestinal Cancers Research
The ASCO Cancer Foundation will present Merit Awards to twenty-five leading oncology fellows from around the world at the 2010 Gastrointestinal (GI) Cancers Symposium, which takes place January 22-24 in Orlando. These bright, young minds will be honored for their exceptional contributions to the research of gastrointestinal tract cancers. "The future of clinical cancer research rests in our young leaders and we are honored to recognize this year's Merit Award recipients for their dedication and contributions, " said Leonard L. Gunderson, MD, chair of the GI Symposium Steering Committee. "We hope these awards will help advance their commitment to improving care and quality of life for people living with gastrointestinal cancers.
Total proctocolectomy with ileal J-pouch-anal anastomosis (IPAA) is the surgical treatment of choice for patients with refractory ulcerative colitis (UC). Although the surgery generally cures UC allowing a significant improvement of health-related quality of life, complications can occur after IPAA. The most common complication of this surgery is pouchitis, a non-specific inflammatory condition at the ileal pouch reservoir occurring in up to 50% of patients, with about 10% of these patients becoming chronic sufferers. Although the etiology and pathogenesis of pouchitis are still not entirely clear, the bulk of the evidence points towards an abnormal mucosal immune response to altered microbiota patterns.
Many alcoholic beverages contain byproducts of the materials used in the fermenting process. These byproducts are called "congeners, " complex organic molecules with toxic effects including acetone, acetaldehyde, fusel oil, tannins, and furfural. Bourbon has 37 times the amount of congeners that vodka has. A new study has found that while drinking a lot of bourbon can cause a worse hangover than drinking a lot of vodka, impairment in people's next-day task performance is about the same for both beverages. Results will be published in the March 2010 issue of Alcoholism: Clinical & Experimental Research and are currently available at Early View.
Gastric cancer is the number two cancer killer worldwide and one of the top cancer killers in the U.S., but gastric cancer research gets the least federal funding of any type of cancer research. According to a CBS News analysis of data released by the American Cancer Society, for every cancer-related death in the U.S., only $1, 168 federal research dollars are spent on gastric cancer, versus $18, 870 for cancer of the cervix and $14, 095 for breast cancer.(1) To address the significant need for gastric cancer research, NetApp (NASDAQ: NTAP) and Stanford Genome Technology Center are building the country's first comprehensive gastric cancer registry powered by NetApp®