NIH Grant Will Examine Preeclampsia, Gestational Diabetes In Pregnant Women With Hypertension Or Obesity
The link between obesity and high-risk pregnancies caused by preeclampsia and diabetes will be the focus of a $2.4 million National Institutes of Health research grant received by Sean Blackwell, M.D., associate professor in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences at The University of Texas Medical School at Houston. Sean Blackwell, M.D. Researchers hope the observational study will provide them with a better understanding of the cause, diagnosis and history of preeclampsia and diabetes in pregnant women and whether or not obese pregnant women and non-obese pregnant women are at the same risk of having complications during their pregnancy.
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine's (BUSM) Slone Epidemiology Center and Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) have found that pre-pregnancy obesity and gestational weight gain are associated with an increased risk of preterm birth in African American participants from the Black Women's Health Study. This study currently appears on-line in Epidemiology. A baby born at less than 37 weeks of gestation is considered preterm. This occurs more often among black women than white women and is a leading cause of infant morbidity and mortality in the United States. Obesity is associated with intrauterine infections, systematic inflammation, dyslipidemia, and hyperinsulinemia, all of which may increase the risk of preterm birth.
The tiny tongue of a fruit fly could provide big answers to questions about human eating habits, possibly even leading to new ways to treat obesity, according to a study from a team of Texas A&M University researchers. Paul Hardin, who holds the rank of Distinguished Professor of Biology, along with colleagues Abhishek Chatterjee, Shintaro Tanoue and Jerry Houl, examined the taste organs on Drosophila's proboscis (tongue), which triggers the minute fruit fly's desire to eat or not to eat. They found that several factors, especially the creature's internal daily clock, determine feeding behaviors - and these same taste sensitivities very likely apply to humans.
Duke researchers report in the FASEB Journal that maternal obesity dramatically increases the risk of diseases related to inflammation gone awry: heart disease, stroke and more As if there are not enough reasons for obese people to lose weight, a new research report published online in The FASEB Journal, adds several more. In a study involving rats, researchers from Duke University found that obesity in mothers causes cellular programming in utero that predisposes offspring to inflammation-related disorders (such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, type 2 diabetes, stroke, heart disease, and more) from the day that they are born, regardless of whether or not the offspring are obese themselves.
President Of American Academy Of Pediatrics Joins First Lady Michelle Obama In Commitment To Reduce Childhood Obesity
Judith S. Palfrey, MD, FAAP, President of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP), joined First Lady of the United States Michelle Obama at an event today to unveil the White House's "Let's Move! " campaign to address childhood obesity. The AAP, which represents 60, 000 pediatricians, is committed to eliminating the epidemic of childhood obesity in the United States, and commends First Lady Michelle Obama for drawing national attention to this staggering health burden on our nation's youth. The four pillars of the First Lady's "Let's Move! " campaign- expanding efforts to make schools healthy environments for all children, increasing children's physical activity, improving the affordability and accessibility of foods, and empowering consumers to make healthier choices- support proven early interventions that the AAP recommends to help keep children healthy.
Few treatments are available to help obese adolescents who are unable to lose weight and are already suffering from obesity-related health problems. Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), an option for adults in the United States since 2001, is showing promise for teens. The Center for Adolescent Bariatric Surgery, which opened at NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital in 2006, recently performed its 100th LAGB procedure. "Adolescent obesity continues to be under-treated, " says Dr. Charles J.H. Stolar, surgeon-in-chief at NewYork-Presbyterian Morgan Stanley Children's Hospital and chief of the Division of Pediatric Surgery, and the Rudolph N.