WHAT: A earmarked telebriefing with famend brain and behaviour researchers who testament headline the 2008 American College of Neuropsychopharmacology's Annual Meeting WHO: Bill Carlezon, PhD, Stool of ACNP's Accepted Erudition Committee Roger Pittman, MD, Harvard Medical School/Mass. Universal Hospital (PTSD and Twins) Bart Hoebel, PhD, Princeton University (Sugar-Bingeing) Nora Volkow, MD, Employer of the State Institute of Narcotic Abuse (Cognitive-Enhancing Drugs) Carl Schwartz, MD, Harvard Medical School/Mass. Common Infirmary (Infant Behavior) WHEN: Thursday, December 4 at 12 noon ET Selected studies include: A decade-long peruse among matching twins with and without combat forbearance has provided new information on brain abnormalities begin in dudes with Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD).
A Princeton University scientist presented au courant evidence demonstrating that sugar can be an addictive substance, wielding its capability over the brains of lab animals in a procedure similar to copious drugs of abuse. Professor Bart Hoebel and his team in the Department of Psych and the Princeton Neuroscience Institute have been studying signs of sugar addiction in rats for years. Until now, the rats under discover have met two of the three elements of addiction. They have demonstrated a behavioral example of increased intake and then showed signs of withdrawal. His now experiments captured thirst and relapse to complete the picture. "If bingeing on sugar is absolutely a form of addiction, there should be long-lasting object in the brains of sugar addicts, " Hoebel said.
Children with diabetes are at an increased risk for developing eating disorders and researchers desire to be cognizant provided it's their disease or treatment that's to blame. "Diabetes treatment prescribes obsessive aliment behavior, such as carbohydrate restriction, " said Dr. Deborah Young-Hyman, paediatric psychologist in the Medical Institution of Georgia's Georgia Prevention Institute. "We thirst to discriminate if those prescribed behaviors contribute to disordered eating and/or if there are physiological mechanisms which prevent children with diabetes from controlling their eating behavior. For example, treatment with insulin makes you hungry and can cause you to benefit weight.
Wellcome Certainty researchers hog developed a latest embodiment of psychotherapy that has been shown to have the potential to treat aggrandized than eight absent of ten cases of eating disorders in adults, a new study reports. This contemporary "enhanced" cast of cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT-E) builds on and improves the current relevant treatment for bulimia nervosa as recommended by the Governmental Faculty of Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE). CBT-E is the inaugural treatment to be shown to be suitable for the majority of cases of eating disorders. According to NICE, eating disorders are a major justification of physical and psychosocial impairment in boyish women, affecting at least one in twenty women between the ages of 18 and 30.
Female patients with bulimia nervosa seem to respond bounteous impulsively in psychological tests in comparison to patients without eating disorders, according to a announcement released on January 5, 2008 in Archives of Usual Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. Additionally, functional magnetic resonance imaging brain scans of these patients show at odds activities in the areas responsible for regulating behavior. Bulimia nervosa is an eating chaos "characterized by recurrent episodes of binge eating followed by self-induced vomiting or another compensatory behaviour to avoid weight gain, " the authors write. It regularly occurs in females and begins in the adolescent or girlish adult years.
The binge-purge rhythm of adolescent bulimia nervosa starts slowly. Yet doctors bear never pinpointed how boon to heal the disease before its destructive cycle gains dotage of momentum. Now, psychiatrists at the Stanford University Faculty of Medicine and the University of Chicago are seeking volunteers for the largest-ever randomized controlled research of bulimia treatments for adolescents. Individual two small randomized trials posses previously been done in this age group. "We desperately essential more information, " said James Lock, MD, PhD, professor of psychiatry and behavioral sciences at Stanford and the study's senior investigator.