Members of 'sexual minorities' are around twice as likely as heterosexuals to seek help for mental health issues or substance abuse treatment. A model of treatment-seeking behavior, described in the open access journal BMC Psychiatry supports the idea that lesbian, gay and bisexual people may have specific treatment needs. Susan Cochran worked with a team of researchers from the University of California, Los Angeles using data they collected from 2074 people first interviewed in the California Health Interview Survey. They found that 48.5% of lesbian/gay/bisexual individuals reported receiving treatment in the past year as compared to 22.5% of heterosexuals.
There are an estimated 7.6 million alcohol-related emergency department (ED) visits each year in the country. A first step in identifying an alcohol problem is screening all ED patients utilizing two well-researched screening tests. Once identified, one technique that has proven successful is motivationally-based brief interviews focused on reducing alcohol use. The research to date, however, has been focused on an academic medical environment and not within the more common environment of the community hospital ED, where 56 percent of all ED visits occur. As a result, physicians and researchers at Rhode Island Hospital's Injury Prevention Center set out to identify a model that could integrate screening and brief interventions (SBI) for alcohol misuse into a community hospital environment.
Teen years are for experimenting. Sometimes that means experimenting with drugs and engaging in other risky behaviors. Nearly 400 teens, half of which were prenatally exposed to cocaine, will be studied in their adolescent years. Researchers will look at the youths' choices when it comes to using drugs, having sex or engaging in delinquent behaviors, and see if there is an association with prenatal cocaine exposure. The study will also closely follow the cognitive development and mental health behavior of the young people. Sonia Minnes, an assistant professor from the Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences and now the lead researcher in phase four of a long-term study of cocaine exposed children, has received a five-year, nearly $5 million grant from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).
Drinkers aren't just bending their elbows: according to a new study, the more alcohol people drink, the more likely they might be to exercise. "Alcohol users not only exercised more than abstainers, but the differential actually increased with more drinking, " said lead author Michael French, Ph.D. "There is a strong association between all levels of drinking and both moderate and vigorous physical activity. However, these results do not suggest that people should use alcohol to boost their exercise programs, as the study was not designed to determine whether alcohol intake actually caused an increase in exercise." French is a professor of health economics at the University of Miami.
Dr. Colin Carrie, Member of Parliament for Oshawa and Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Health, announced today the Government of Canada's support for a project that will help discourage young people from taking illicit drugs. Dr. Carrie made this announcement on behalf of the Honourable Leona Aglukkaq, Minister of Health. "The Government of Canada has introduced many measures to prevent the use of illicit drugs in our schools, " said Minister Aglukkaq. "This project will help educate youth about the negative consequences of taking drugs." This project aims to improve the decision-making skills of suspended and expelled students in dealing with drug-related issues, which in turn, will assist them in re-entering the mainstream educational system.
Abstaining from alcohol consumption is associated with an increased risk of depression according to a new study published in Addiction journal. It has long been recognised that excessive alcohol consumption can lead to poor physical and mental health. However, there has been mounting evidence that low levels of alcohol consumption may also be associated with poor mental health possibly due to abstainers having other health problems or being reformed heavy drinkers. The study utilised data from the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study (HUNT Study) based in Norway. This provided information on the drinking habits and mental health of over 38, 000 individuals.