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What is the Difference Between a Cold and the Flu? Part 2

In general terms, the symptoms associated with seasonal flu tend to be more severe that with colds and accelerate quite rapidly. You can suffer from a sore throat, headache, soreness and congestion however what generally separates the flu from a cold is a fever. If you're wondering about Swine flu then this is also noticeable by a fever however there's often vomiting and diarrhoea involved. The majority of flu symptoms will improve during the course of two to five days however it's not uncommon to suffer for a week or even a little more. Care must be taken with flu as it can progress into more serious conditions such as pneumonia especially if the sufferer is very young, very old or has a history of lung problems.

Pfizer Receives European Authorization For Prevenar 13 For The Prevention Of Pneumococcal Disease In Infants And Young Children

The European Commission has granted Pfizer Inc. (NYSE: PFE) a European marketing authorization for its pneumococcal conjugate vaccine, Prevenar 13* (Pneumococcal Polysaccharide Conjugate Vaccine [13-valent, adsorbed]). Prevenar 13 is indicated for active immunization for the prevention of invasive disease, pneumonia, and acute otitis media caused by 13 Streptococcus pneumoniae serotypes in infants and children from 6 weeks to 5 years of age. Invasive pneumococcal disease includes sepsis, meningitis, bacteremia, bacteremic pneumonia, and empyema. Prevenar 13, built on the scientific foundation of Prevenar* (Pneumococcal Saccharide Conjugated Vaccine, Adsorbed), provides the broadest serotype coverage of any pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.

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Duvenhage Virus and Herpes B - A Couple of Rare, Deadly Infectious Risks Associated With Ecotourism

In a recent story out of London showed that in the last ten years there has been a doubling of leishmaniasis cases seen in the European country. This is exclusively attributed to adventure vacations or ecotourism. Leishmaniasis is just one in a plethora of infectious agents that are acquired and sometimes brought back home from these sorts of vacations. According to ecotourism is "tourism involving travel to areas of natural or ecological interest, typically under the guidance of a naturalist, for the purpose of observing wildlife and learning about the environment." The problem is during these trips there is an increased chance of exposure to animals and insects that carry some pretty bad diseases not found in places like the United States or Europe.

What Is Botulism? What Causes Botulism?

Botulism is a rare, but potentially fatal infection. It is caused by toxins produced by bacteria called Clostridium botulinum. The toxins produced by clostridium botulinum are the most powerful naturally occurring toxins known to science. " Botulism " comes from the Latin word, botulus, meaning "sausage". The nervous system is attacked and results in paralysis. Left untreated, the paralysis will spread to the lungs, causing breathing failure followed by death. According to Medilexicon's medical dictionary: Botulism is:" Food poisoning usually caused by the ingestion of the neurotoxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum from improperly canned or preserved food;

How to Breathe to Increase Your Lung Power With COPD

If you have COPD, you probably already know how important it is to exercise. And you face some extra challenges. Does shortness of breath ever discourage you from staying active? Or, maybe there are times when you don't feel like you have enough energy. Meanwhile, you're adjusting to a different kind of exercise-the kind that works best with symptoms of COPD. But you won't let anything stop you! If you're looking for a simple place to start, take a deep breath. That's right. You can literally start with a breath! Teach yourself pursed lip breathing and diaphragmatic breathing. You'll power up your body with vital oxygen within minutes. Try pursed-lip breathing when you're working extra hard.

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New Insights Into Human Decision Making Provided By Bacteria

Scientists studying how bacteria under stress collectively weigh and initiate different survival strategies say they have gained new insights into how humans make strategic decisions that affect their health, wealth and the fate of others in society. Their study, published in the early online edition of the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, was accomplished when the scientists applied the mathematical techniques used in physics to describe the complex interplay of genes and proteins that colonies of bacteria rely upon to initiate different survival strategies during times of environmental stress. Using the mathematical tools of theoretical physics and chemistry to describe complex biological systems is becoming more commonplace in the emerging field of theoretical biological physics.

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