Drinking Extremely Much Cola Can Lead To Muscle Paralysis
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Researchers in Greece carrying absent a review of cases of patients suffering symptoms ranging from gentle weakness to profound muscle paralysis are warning approximately exorbitant cola consumption that can vanguard to hypokalaemia, or low levels of blood potassium.
The research was led by Dr Moses Elisaf from the Branch of Internal Medicine at the University of Ioannina, Greece and is to be published in the June issue of International Journal of Clinical Practice, IJCP.
Elisaf said in a prepared statement that:
"We are consuming more soft drinks than ever before and a figure of health issues have already been identified including tooth problems, bone demineralisation and the manner of metabolic syndrome and diabetes."
But there is mounting evidence that excessive cola consumption also results in low blood potassium or hypokalaemia, which adversely affects heavy muscle functions, said Elisaf.
In the cases that Elisaf and colleagues reviewed, the patients happily fully recovered after they stopped drinking cola and increased their potassium intake either intravenously or with tablets.
The researchers looked at cases where patients had been drinking between 2 and 9 litres of cola a day.
One case, a 21-year-old pregnant woman, was drinking up to 3 litres of cola a day when admitted to infirmary after complaining of motility fatigued, losing her appetite, and vomiting persistently. Blood tests showed she had low potassium and an electrocardiogram showed she had a blockage in her heart.
Another pregnant woman besides had low potassium levels and was complaining of muscle weakness that was getting worse. She had been drinking 7 liters of cola a generation for 10 months.
In an accompanying commentary, Dr Clifford Packer from the Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Centre in Ohio said he knew of a position of an Australian ostrich farmer who returned from the outback complaining of muscle weakness. It turned elsewhere he had been drinking 4 litres of cola every period for 3 elderliness and this went up to 10 litres a time when he was in the outback.
Packer then related the case of a patient of his who had complained of muscle weakness and drank up to 4 litres of cola a day, which he carried around in the hamper of his electric scooter. He refused to commit up the cola on the contrary did cut his consumption by half, and the symptoms improved.
The global consumption of soft drinks is over 500 billion litres a year, or about 80 litres per person and is place to life up to over 90 within the next 5 years. The Americans are the largest consumers: they drink over 200 litres per man per year.
According to Elisaf, there are three ingredients in cola that example to low potassium: glucose, fructose and caffeine.
However fair how each compound causes low potassium is not known, and could be different in discrepant people, he said, apart from that in the cases they reviewed, it appeared that caffeine was probably the main cause.
"This has been borne gone by process studies that focus on other products that cover high levels of caffeine but no glucose or fructose", he explained.
However, fructose can cause diarrhea, and this could and lead to hypokalaemia, he added.
Elisaf and colleagues said that in a earth where abundance sizes are getting bigger and bigger, very many people are drinking also all the more cola, and this has essential implications for public health.
Although most patients recover when they stop consuming cola, and take potassium supplements, chronic hypokalaemia brought on by excessive cola consumption can go-ahead them susceptible to potentially fatal side object such as irregular heartbeats, he said.
"In addition, excessive consumption of any kind of cola can advantage to a range of health problems including fatigue, loss of productivity and muscular symptoms that vary from mild weakness to profound paralysis," added Elisaf, saying that very studies should immediately be done to decide what is too yet when it comes to cola drinking.
Packer said that doctors should add cola consumption to their checklist when asking patients questions about what could be causing their low potassium.
"And the soft drink production needs to contribute safe and moderate convenience of its products for all lifetime groups, intersect serving sizes and pay heed to the rising phone for healthier drinks," he warned.
Packer said there is reason to believe that low potassium due to excessive cola drinking is not rare.
"With aggressive mass marketing, super-sizing of soft drinks, and the effects of caffeine tolerance and dependence, there is ideal little vacillate that tens of millions of people in industrialised countries drink at least 2-3 litres of cola per day," he said.
A spokeswoman from the British Soft Drinks Gathering told the BBC that the examples Elisaf and colleagues had reviewed were exact extreme cases.
"Moderate consumption of cola drinks is completely safe and clan can go on to prize such drinks as division of a balanced diet and active lifestyle," she said, adding that her industry was dedicated to encouraging people to consume its products responsibly.
"Nutrition labeling is included on pack so humans can cook up an informed election about the products they are drinking," she said.
Sources: Wiley Blackwell, BBC News.
Written by: Catharine Paddock, PhD
Copyright: Medical Message Nowadays
Not to be reproduced without permission of Medical Information Today
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