Non-Smokers Live Longer And Have Healthier Hearts, 30-Year Glance at
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Researchers who investigated the health and lifestyle habits of 54,000 Norwegians 30 oldness after recruiting them on a study found that the non-smokers lived longer and had exceptional cardiovascular health than the smokers. They concluded that smoking is "strongly" linked to death and cardiovascular disease.
The announce was the daily grind of Professor Haakon Meyer from the University of Oslo and Norwegian Institute of General Health and colleagues and is being presented this week at the EuroPRevent 2009 conference which is enchanting levy in Stockholm, Sweden from 6th to 9th May.
The convention is organized by The European Corporation for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation (EACPR), a Registered Department of the European Society of Cardiology.
Cardiovascular disease is the leading basis of ending in Europe where it kills another than 2 million citizens a year. Many of these deaths could be prevented claim health experts, provided prevention policies were adopted and fully implemented.
Meyer said their findings confirm those of many other studies, but in specific they show the absolute, long-term "real life" risk of smoking.
He and his colleagues started the glance at in 1974 when they invited every man and woman aged from 35 to 49 living in three counties in Norway to take part in a cardiovascular screening exam. The response was huge and over 90 per cent of those invited attended the baseline screening.
For the consequent 30 senescence the researchers tracked deaths among the participants by looking at the Norwegian population registry, and from 2006 to 2008 they asked the survivors to complete a questionaire that included questions approximately their smoking habits and their health and disease incidents.
From the responses Meyer and colleagues were able to group the participants as never-smokers, ex-smokers, in fashion smokers of 1 to 9 cigarettes and day, happening smokers of 10 to 19 a day, and contemporary smokers of more than 20 a day. Those smoking extra than 20 a period were classed as "heavy smokers".
The results showed that:
- By the time of supersede up, 13,103 (24 per cent) of the infant 54,075 participants had died.
- 45 per cent of the heavy-smoking men had died over the 30 years of the study compared to only 18 per cent of the never-smoking men.
- And 33 per cent of the heavy-smoking women had died compared to 13 of the never-smoking women.
- The cumulative incidence of emotions encroachment (myocardial infarction, MI) was 21 per cent in the weighty smoking men and 10 per cent in the never-smoking men.
- The figures for women were 11 per cent in the substantial smokers and 4 per cent in the never smokers.
- Strong links were also endow between smoking and stroke and diabetes.
"These results show what a tremendous effect smoking has on mortality."
"We are talking about express big numbers of people," he added, explaining that the review highlights the cumulative long spell link between smoking, dissolution and cardiovascular disease.
About two thirds of middle-aged male hefty smokers and half the middle-aged female heavy smokers had either died or had cardivascular disease over the 30 year chase up. There was a leading difference in outcome between the never-smokers and heavy smokers.
"This scan underlines the public health messages about smoking," said Meyer.
While smoking appears to be declining in developed countries, some important challenges still remain, he said, with persuaded groups like young women, and immigrant communities all the more showing high rates of smoking. Else needs to be done for those groups he said.
"Morbidity and mortality among smokers and non-smokers - 30 caducity follow-up of 54,000 middle-aged Norwegian women and men."
Haakon Meyer, 7 May 2009, 15.30-16.30, Poster area.
EuroPRevent 2009, Stockholm, Sweden, 6-9 May.
Source: European Society of Cardiology.
Written by: Catharine Paddock, PhD
Copyright: Medical Description Today
Not to be reproduced without permission of Medical News Today
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